3 Answers

  1. Recommended earlier and will recommend again for an initial understanding of Russell, “The History of Western Philosophy”. It will give you a general idea to choose where to dig next.

  2. Philosophy is such a thing that it is better understood extensively, by drawing analogies from different fields and areas of knowledge and synthesizing them. Therefore, you can start with Wikipedia, where everything is linked and condensed, and if you are interested in something specific, you can turn to the original source. And you can start at least from the very beginning, withOuroboros, you can also end up with it.

  3. It depends on the purpose for which you are interested in philosophy. For studying ? For this purpose, there is a recommended literature, there are well-developed methods. Or is it for yourself to find some answers that the official natural sciences can't provide? And then you don't need to study the WHOLE philosophy at all. Yes, this is practically impossible. It is too many-sided and contradictory even in the most general questions. Rather, I would suggest that you first decide on your own worldview and identify those areas of philosophy that will be most close to you . Read Paul Strathern's book “20 philosophers”, it is written simply, clearly, and will give an idea of the main directions of philosophical research. You will already be interested in something yourself, and something will seem superfluous.

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