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- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Everything is simpler than it seems. A paradigm is a system of theories, axioms, concepts, etc. that serves as the basis for other theories, hypotheses, and so on. A term from the philosophy of science.
Simply put, if a theory is a scientific view (literally, translated from Greek) of a particular subject, then a paradigm is a more general view, a model that arises from a set of recognized theories.
Worldview is a synonym for what the worldview is about. That is, we can talk about the paradigm in physics, biology, linguistics – and if we want to take it quite broadly and without reference to the scientific field, then we can also use the “worldview paradigm”.
We like to present controversial and polysemous things as indisputable and unambiguous. And also to demand that all others accept a certain individual meaning of their own words. In reality, words such as paradigm and worldview do not have universal, well-established meanings. Almost everyone uses them in their own way. Therefore, in particular, every time an author should be asked what meaning he puts in these words in one or another of his texts. Personally, I don't use the beautiful Greek word “paradigm” at all, and I use “worldview” to summarize religious and non-religious life strategies. In addition, the same words may have different meanings or shades of meaning in different contexts. For example, in texts on the philosophy of science, paradigm usually does not mean the same thing as in texts on the philosophy of language. Phrases like ” ideological paradigm “or” paradigmatic worldview ” are even more confusing. Therefore, if you answer your question in good faith, then you should consider the text in which you found all this. What is true for this text may be completely useless for others.
It's even easier!
A paradigm is a generally accepted model or template.
A worldview is a way of looking at life (the world).
Previously, people believed that the Earth was flat – this was their worldview paradigm. We consider the big bang theory, which is a modern worldview paradigm, to be the model of the universe.
A scientific paradigm is a set of well-established axioms in specific sciences. Example: in the macrocosm and in the microcosm there are particles and there are waves. At the beginning of the 20th century, this paradigm changed: matter is supposedly dual: in the microcosm, this is clearly manifested, but in the macrocosm, the dualism of matter is not noticeable. However. The history of science is convincing: new paradigms of science do not always turn out to be new knowledge. The latest scientific paradigms may turn out to be an illusion, a consequence of the haste of scientists in their desire to learn the essence of the new.
A worldview is a complex of scientists ' views on philosophical categories and their connection (matter and consciousness, space and time, etc.). The worldview can be “scientific” (based on the current paradigms of science) or intuitive (based on intuition), or even based on faith. It is difficult to prove the truth of the worldview – scientific paradigms can turn out to be false, and scientific intuition can be deceived (“We thought we knew everything” – the French academician E. Cartalyak bitterly admitted after 20 years of denying the reality of Altamira cave painting). People's adherence to the faith and experience of their ancestors (“And experience is the son of difficult mistakes”), oddly enough, can turn out to be true. Scientists have long noticed that scientific verisimilitude is applauded by thousands, and new-born truth (“the ugly duckling”) is laughed at by millions. For the time being.
A worldview is a holistic and stable system of views, ideological orientations, and values. The semantic framework in which a person relates to the world, how he interprets what happens in it, evaluates its content and determines his place in the world. The worldview is divided into such types as: scientific, philosophical, religious, and philistine.
As for the paradigm, this usually applies to the first two types of worldview. For example, the scientific paradigm of natural science. A system of scientific knowledge describing the features of the functioning of the material world of nature. This will be a worldview paradigm within the framework of a scientific type of worldview. A paradigm is less than a worldview, it is something like a set of rules for describing and interpreting any field of study, the sphere of knowledge. The paradigm does not exhaust the entire worldview, does not replace it with itself, but only exists within its framework. It may change depending on the methods, data, and approaches available. The paradigm (in the natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, and philosophy) changes time after time, but the very type of worldview remains.
I hope you read my answer.