13 Answers

  1. The existing definitions of” mind “and” mind ” in various encyclopedias seem to me ineffective and inconvenient. So I'll try to give my own. I hope that someone will not like it:) With the help of words and their definitions, the world is laid out on shelves, but definitions can not be true or false, but only useful or useless, convenient or inconvenient. In this case, I mean terms that are introduced nominally into science, i.e. as an abbreviation of a certain text, which is the definition. I will keep silent about the actual definitions for now.

    We know that in addition to smart people, there are many other smart animals. The word “intelligent “in relation to animals is usually not used, and if it is used, then as a synonym for”mind”. Humans, as a species, are intelligent humans. There are no other intelligent species in the biological classification, i.e. there are no intelligent monkeys, cats, dogs, or dolphins.

    In my opinion, there are at least two distinctive features that smart people and smart animals have in common.

    1.) Ability to learn. A person can be taught different things. A cat can be trained to the tray, but with a chicken this will not work.

    2.) Creative ability, i.e. the ability to generate non-standard behavior, create something new that has not yet been created. Some representatives of higher animals also sometimes show patterns of similar behavior.

    The word “mind “in Russian is derived from” mind ” – “once-mind”, where the prefix” once ” probably performs the same function as in pairs of expressions: “throw – scatter”, “lay – spread out”. To put something in one place, to put it in different places. Plus this expression – “spread your mind”. Of course, etymology and hermeneutics do not provide any grounds for establishing the meaning of scientific terms, but in this case they give a hint at one of the possible interpretations-mind, as a kind of extension of the scope of the mind. And what is this extension? Here we come to a banal answer that everyone knows perfectly well: the mind is a psychic ability directly related to the origin and functioning of language. Expansion is then interpreted as an expansion of the WORLD due to the fact that only with the help of language can things be separated from properties, new properties can be distinguished, on the basis of similar properties things can be divided into classes, i.e. to build natural and unnatural classifications, to begin to discover the laws of nature, to create theories and build worldviews.

    Karl Popper, following Buhler, identifies three language functions, and adds a fourth: (1) expressive, (2) signalling, (3) descriptive, and (4) argumentative. The first two are common to both humans and animals, the third only to humans, and the fourth appears much later, and it has reached its highest expression in science.

    The argumentative function of language includes much of what some “highly spiritual sapiens” regard with disdain, and sometimes with contempt, and is designated by the word “reason”.

    In short, a normal advanced intelligent and reasonable person is one who has sufficiently developed the two highest functions of the mind and reason-the ability to create and to rationalize arguments. And this is not always related to the level of education, as there are, and sometimes quite often, smart, but uneducated, and vice versa. There are many uneducated folk craftsmen who are savvy, invent something new and unusual, and find non-standard solutions to some life problems; and there are a lot of graduated and even titled… I won't say who. In short, the ability to talk is a sufficient condition for being human, but not enough to be intelligent.

  2. Mind is the ability to think both intuitively and verbally (automatically), and consciously and analytically (analyzing the entire chain of algorithms of actions and thoughts). The latter is called the conscious part of the brain and is referred to by the word “Mind”. I must say that the subconscious part has a much more powerful potential, but it is not controlled consciously or very slowly.

  3. Here I see in my own (not obligatory for anyone) ideas precisely the mind – that function of the nervous system that distinguishes from everything felt by the body what is essential for the vital activity of the organism, and the mind – a set of skills of the mind used to organize the relationships between images produced by consciousness from what it receives from the mind…

  4. Mind is the concentration of concepts, a kind of” spark ” extracted from various sciences and knowledge, generalizing it in your own personal way and applying it in a narrow range of your efforts.

    The mind is the experience of the applied mind and often does not care about the accuracy of our memory of science and knowledge. Enough – a general understanding of the problem. The volume in which the” spark of the mind”is built, ignited and stored. HEALTH OF THE MIND..

    The mind is the Self. The mind is God himself.

    Titus 1: 15

    “To the pure, all things are pure; but to the defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure, but their mind and conscience are defiled.”

    Deut 4: 6

    “therefore keep them and do them, for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, who, when they hear of all these ordinances, will say,' This great nation alone is a wise and prudent people.'”

  5. The term “mind” (“smart”) usually describes an “individual” trait of a person, animal, or even a thing.
    The term “mind” usually refers to a “social” attribute of a person, group of people, or social phenomenon.
    Thus, we can assume that “mind” is a “mind” that manifests itself in interaction.

  6. The mind is a pure sequential solution of the problems facing the subject. That is, the subject is able to solve the tasks facing him using only experience and instincts.

    So many animals have minds.

    Intelligence is the ability to think in multiple ways.

    A DIVERSE mind.

    This is the ability of smart to compile.

  7. People have already “attached” so many different adjectives to the words you mentioned that it is hardly possible to understand the differences objectively(at least unbiased). You can only “collect opinions”…

    If you could describe at least approximately what you are asking (what you mean by “mind” and “mind” separately), then perhaps it would be possible to give at least some reasonable answer to your question.

    If we refer to the various word forms “of the same root” (smart/reasonable, skill/understanding, speculation/…? , etc.), we can understand the original meanings of these words. The mind in them is clearly something that works with images and representations of reality (concepts, representations, living images of reality, etc.), and the mind is something that works with life meanings (not “images”).

    But there are also “similar words”: reason, consciousness, self-consciousness, soul (psychos), etc. so it's easy to” get confused ” (talking about what you don't understand yourself, but you can easily talk about everything and nothing, the language has no bones).

  8. Well, actually, the native speaker and the words themselves are clear: the mind is a step higher than the mind, a more perfect form-formally, the prefix stuck and the root “mind”, but it is clear what's what. The word “skill” came from the word mind and was its specific feature. Now it is used more in the meaning of skill, in fact, it is closer to the word “understanding”. Animals can also be able to understand. Lots of skills > lots of mind > > mind.

  9. Katha Upanishad (you can also find it in Plato and if it seems to you that he copied it somewhere, then it didn't seem to you)

    • Feelings-horses
    • Mind-reins
    • Razum-charioteer
    • brahmana (great spirit) – master and passenger of the chariot

    the mind is above the senses, the mind is above the mind, the great soul is above the mind

  10. “What is the difference between mind and mind?” Question from the series “what is the difference between a carpenter's axe and a hut”. Intelligence is a necessary condition for making intelligent choices. The mind is a tool. Reason is the ability to make the right choice every time, and if you made a mistake, then do not repeat the mistakes.

  11. Well, first of all, the author should give definitions, and then it would be possible to look for differences in them.

    But in general, I fully agree with the idea of Eugene that the Mind means the ability to creatively create a completely new previously unknown personality, as well as to Rational argumentation.

    I would simplify both of these properties into a conceptIndependent Critical thinking, it is equal to the Mind, it is already equated with the concept of Adequacy, and I hope in the future it will become equal to the term Legal Capacity.

    Those who can serve themselves at the domestic level (which is now used to confirm the Legal Capacity of a human person) do not always have the property of completely Independent and Critical thinking.

    Creativity and Argumentation are like the consequences of independent thinking, when a person is able to solve problems on his own without using “authoritative” instructions from the Boss and the Leader.

    Here the” new ” arises, i.e. Creative, and the ability to reason and prove about your decision, i.e. argumentation.

    And without such a level of Intelligence in the future, I hope they will simply not be allowed to “social” work activities. Create songs and books for yourself in your mind, for example, and you will not be trusted with work activities related to other people.

  12. “On the fingers” can be explained as follows.

    Look at the palm of your hand.

    The little finger is the perceiving mind. Ring finger – intelligence(mind). Medium – memory. Index – person.

    Information from the senses (eyes, ears, etc.) passes through the perceiving mind to the intellect (mind) and memory. The intellect compares it with the one in memory and makes a decision (or deduces a judgment). Decides what to do.

    And the individual assigns all these actions to himself. “I thought about it and decided.” “This is mine, but this is not mine”, ” I ate this yesterday.”, ” I won't wear it, he's already seen me in this dress.” In general, so.

    In animals, everything is arranged in the same way, only the intellect (mind) is absent. Animals live in harmony with nature. They have no freedom of choice and will. They have sense organs, a mind, and a memory. There is no intelligence.

    A cow doesn't get bored eating the same grass all day, every day, all her life – she doesn't lose interest in it. Grass for her is always something new and delicious, she can not compare it with what is in her memory.

    A person can be bored, he is Sapiens, he has something to compare and solve.

    And then there's the big me, which is like a thumb on a hand. Always on the sidelines.

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