7 Answers

  1. In the question of the difference and commonality of science and philosophy, the third link is missing — religion, because philosophy tends not only to science, but also to religion, being as if in the middle, but being neither one nor the other. Why is that?

    Let's look at science, philosophy, and religion in two ways: the subject of their study and the way they study it.

    1. Science explores the particular, deducing general laws from the particular. Science explores the real, verifiable, and objective. Science uses reason, logic, experiment (practical) – knowledge from the world.
    2. Religion speaks about the general, deriving particular rules from global laws. Religion speaks of the transcendental, the individually cognizable, the subjective. Religion uses faith and revelation-knowledge not from the world, but from God.
    3. Philosophy studies the general, deriving particular rules from global laws, like religion. Philosophy explores the transcendental, subjectively known, like religion. However, as a science, philosophy uses reason, logic, experiment (umstennyy) – knowledge from the world.

  2. Philosophy clarifies the foundations of science, which are different in nature from science itself.

    They are ontological (metaphysical)and transcendental. They always need to be recreated (and then science is possible).

    Classical science is based on (ontological)assumptions: the world is naturally organized (there were times when it was believed that it was supernaturally organized) and allows itself to be known.

    In non-classical literature, the problem of the objective/subjective arose again (due to the introduction of the anthropic principle). It is debatable. The problem of “science for one case” is discussed. Probability has entered the arsenal of science and others.

    So, there is science and there is a sphere that makes cognitive activity possible. This sphere is positioned differently. Its nature does not coincide with the scientific one. And special ways of working with it are required.

    In the most general form: this sphere appears if you think about it (take care of it-M. Heidegger) in a special language (this language has its own syntax and grammar).

    And yes, “textbook philosophy” has nothing to do with this area))

  3. Allegory

    a character from a science fiction movie gets a job at the Luk Posnaniya store

    the bow is accompanied by arrows to choose from: mathematical, physical, biological, chemical… there are also philosophical ones…

    The principle is as follows: you aim at an object with a “chemical arrow”, shoot – if you hit it, then a “running line” will appear on the side of the arrow with a full description of the chemical properties of the hit site….

    a similar story – with all other arrows, except for the “philosophical” one, which, when fired from a bow, flies along an intricate trajectory it is not clear where and hits the target.� �after� the shooter's death…

    … this is if he accurately aimed, and if he “missed” – then after a series of shies, it ” arrives at his head earlier, while still alive, which has a very detrimental effect on the mind of the philosophizing person…


    © Copyright: Victor Zola, 2019

  4. Do we consider philosophy to be non-science? If not yet, it should still become a science.

    But the difference between them is that in them (in the natural sciences, in the empirical sciences) it is the subject and object of knowledge. So, for example, for the natural sciences, the subject (mainly) is human thinking in the form of reason (Kant, Fichte…), and for philosophy, the main thing is, in the words of Immanuel Kant, the highest cognitive ability of the mind.

    As for the object of knowledge, (these) sciences have the natural world or some (separate) parts of (this) world being, whereas philosophy has the whole world. And at the same time in the unity of all that relates to being corporeal and being non-corporeal. That is why <and> must be (in order to)<and> < maximize> the use of the mind.

  5. In the world of DIFFERENCE, there is no one-to-one. Science, art, and religion seek to organize the world and man's place in it in one way – by using things that are visible to man, to show things that are not visible to him.

  6. Misconceptions in the understanding of both science and philosophy prevail. Science is a set of a priori knowledge that is taught to new generations. Its first form is experience as an attribute of society, which even today serves as the only basis for the life of a large proportion of the people. A more developed form of science is the doctrines that emerged in ancient times and remain the main form of science. Their pluralism led the ancient Greeks to explore science as a social phenomenon, which became the subject of philosophy in order to create a new form of science – theory. Philosophy is a science that studies the cognitive potential of all sciences in order to theorize them. This is the main problem of the third millennium society. If this is not done, the society may perish. The beginning of solving a problem should be considered mastering the power of dialectical logic. See lessons in logical thinking on YouTube. 25.01.2021

  7. To put it simply, philosophy is a meta-science that deals with general knowledge. It displays various methods of cognition of the world. And what is called classical science is one of these methods – scientific knowledge. And religion is also one of the methods of understanding the world in philosophy, as well as many other methods and approaches. So don't mix everything together.

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