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  1. Of course, it is difficult to convey in a few phrases the idea and meaning of such a capacious and psychologically subtle book. But, to put it very briefly, it's like this. Modern European culture (more precisely, civilization) is a system of prohibitions and social “amenities” that are harmful to the individual. They are disastrous because they block access to the depths of one's own self and deprive a person of freedom, instead imposing on him compliance with social norms as an end in itself. The roots of all these troubles for Huxley are technology and historical Christianity, which in his opinion are not at all opposed to each other. The island has the opposite model of society, based on internal freedom and free cooperation of people. In the modern world, such a society is doomed.

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