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  1. Many modern philosophers actively use scientific theories and experiments in their works, but most of all it is probably done by those authors who are “natural scientists” in their main field of activity. A typical example of philosophical works of this kind is the book “Big, Small and the Human Mind”, which includes the controversy of mathematician Roger Penrose and physicist Stephen Hawking about consciousness. Penrose and Hawking's co-authors are philosophers Abner Shimoni and Nancy Cartwright, who could be safely included in the list of philosophers ” actively using the achievements of natural sciences.”

    Natural sciences, for obvious reasons, are often used by authors who write about the philosophy of science, as well as those who study consciousness and problems related to artificial intelligence. In general, interdisciplinary research on which philosophers work together with “natural scientists” and” technicians ” is not uncommon in European and American universities. As an example, the collection “Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence”, published in 2013 by the publishing house “Springer”: Among the authors of this collection are both engineers and professional philosophers, such as Peter Bokulich: Among the works of the latter there are articles devoted to such topics as ” Does the complementarity of black holes solve the Hawking paradox about the disappearance of information in a black hole?” and “A generalization of classical mechanics by Niels Bohr”.

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