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  1. In principle, this question has already been partially raised earlier in the formulation “Does Husserl's phenomenological reduction have a “domestic” practical application, and if so, what is it?”: thequestion.ru

    To answer your question very briefly, the main point of phenomenology is to try to overcome naive realism, including in the form of positivism. We often tend to think that science describes reality as it really is, but in reality concepts such as” dark matter “are nothing more than hypothetical entities introduced to” save phenomena “- that is, to” fit ” our scientific theories to our observations.

    Phenomenology reminds us that “reality given to us in sensations” is nothing more than phenomena, a construct of our consciousness, beyond which our perception cannot go. Thus, modern neurophysiology is actually approaching phenomenology when it comes to perception, because it insists that the empirical world (given to us in experience) is a product of our brain, which does not correspond to reality in itself.

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