3 Answers

  1. Derrida has a collection of interviews, Positions, where he explains his own books. Even the publishing abstract warns: “According to the philosopher himself, it is with this collection of interviews that it is worth starting to study the problems to which his works are devoted.”

    Badiou (who is probably a member of “others”) has a collection of “Philosophy and Events” with a similar concept.

  2. You can try to start with Descombes ' book Modern French Philosophy, which provides a general overview of the main trends in 20th-century thought.�
    Otherwise, it should be understood that the philosophy of the 20th century is extremely diverse and it is hardly possible to get acquainted with all the authors equally.
    Perhaps Foucault cannot be ignored. In order not to immediately try to master “Words and Things”, you can start with his articles ” What is an author?” and “What is Enlightenment?”.
    It is better to start reading his student Derrida with an article dedicated to the teacher “Cogito and the history of madness”.
    As for Deleuze, his works devoted to art criticism will be very helpful: for example, “Marcel Proust and the Signs”, works on Francis Bacon and Michel Tournier.
    Also, the same Deleuze has a nice and extremely clear article “By what criteria do we recognize structuralism?”.

  3. We should start with Bernard Russell's History of Western Philosophy. Without a historical perspective, without understanding the origins of their views, I think it will be difficult to achieve a clear understanding.

    The book is truly great and, in fact, won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

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