8 Answers

  1. Genetics, upbringing, the influence of others, lifestyle, the nature of activities, and – not always-personal strategic choices. It is unconditioned, irrational, and has many non-obvious consequences.

  2. The desire appears as a result of actualization of the need, and the concreteness of the desire is expressed in a certain object that is able to satisfy the actualized need.

    There are different needs, for example:

    • needs related to the vital functions of the body and body, to eat, sleep, dress, move, etc.;

    • social needs – communication, recognition, self-expression, etc.

    • ideal needs – in knowledge, in the search and acquisition of truth, justice, harmony, etc.

  3. The short answer is that desires are derived from social relationships.

    In sociology, there is a term “individual”. The word itself is used in many places, but in sociology it is a special term. Intuitively, it stands for something indivisible. But what exactly? It's very simple. Sociology, as a science, is built on the fact that people always play some social roles: husband, wife, father, mother, employee at work, colleague of another employee, customer in the store, friend, girlfriend-drinking buddy, girlfriend-shopping partner, etc… the set of roles is endless. Every person's life consists of constantly switching between these roles. And here is a set of these roles, which, taking into account the distribution of time between them, is more or less unique, just called an individual. More precisely, the set itself is called an individual, and the individual is called its carrier. And this set is indivisible. First, because roles often affect each other directly. For example, as a husband, a man should go somewhere with his wife, and as a friend, he should go fishing at the same time. Second, even more often, roles influence each other not directly, but through experience. The experience that a person gets in one role can usually be applied in some way in another situation, in the context of another role. So different people play the same role differently because they had different experiences in other roles before.

    The main problem with this identity is that it is such a complex and confusing bundle of contradictions that it is fundamentally impossible to balance it. Complete harmony in ordinary life is unattainable. This individuality is an endless source of problems. You can fix something in one place by somehow eliminating the discrepancy between what you want and what you want, but something else will definitely come out in another place. And this will not just be a new problem, but the result of fixing the first one. For example, you used to be a bad father because you didn't have any children. You solved this problem, you have a child. But the ability to sleep disappeared, and so you became a very bad employee at work. You used to want kids, but now you want to sleep. One desire has turned into another, because the set of social roles has changed. And just the same with any other desires. They don't come out of nowhere, but arise from other desires. Life is a very long attempt to maintain at least some balance. And you can only fail it. It cannot end in success, because harmony is unattainable. Although in Buddhism there are practices that allow you to achieve harmony. But they mean a complete shutdown from everyday life. And not the fact that the game is worth the candle. In Pelevin's latest book, this question is more or less revealed.

  4. I constantly ask myself this question.

    I'll explain it this way.

    Each person has an internal engine that makes him constantly want something.

    This engine is called an inferiority complex.

    And it is present in all people in the world.

    Something that can temporarily fill this hole can be called a need.

    And what we think can fill that hole is what we call desire, and that's why we want it so badly.

    A friend of mine calls an inferiority complex selfishness.

    It's not quite right, but it's also possible.

    P.S. I do not take into account the needs in the form of food, sleep, this is self-evident.

    P. p. s. Why exactly certain desires are a separate question. Briefly: features of the brain structure.

  5. In 1953, brain researchers James Olds and Peter Milner conducted a series of experiments on rats. The animals were implanted with electrodes in the brain, stimulating different parts of the brain with electric current. As a result of these experiments, it turned out that it is possible to distinguish reward and punishment zones in the brain. The rats were taught to push the current switch and their behavior was monitored. The rats liked to stimulate a zone in the medial region of the brain, from the amygdala nuclei through the hypothalamus to the midbrain cap. Some animals pressed the switch up to 7,000 thousand times per hour. They refused food and water and turned on the current until they were completely exhausted. Areas of avoidance of stimulation were located in the dorsal part of the midbrain and the lateral part of the posterior hypothalamus. The researchers mapped the zones and found that the rat's brain has positive zones of 35%, negative zones of 5%, and neutral zones of 60%. The researchers also observed which zones were more likely to influence behavior. They brought the current to the floor so that the animal on the way to the lever received strong electric shocks. And the animals, despite this, went to the lever.

    With the development of science, scientists have proposed the theory of functional systems — a model for describing behavior. The systems were divided into two types. Systems of the first type maintain balance in the body at the expense of internal resources. Systems of the second type maintain equilibrium as a result of interactions with the outside world. The following scheme of operation of the functional system was proposed:

    It turned out that motivational and emotional functions in the human brain are performed by the limbic system. One of the main structures of the limbic system is the hypothalamus. For example, there are centers of hunger and satiety in the hypothalamus. If an electric current is applied to the lateral nucleus of the hypothalamus, a person will feel hungry, and if an electric current is applied to the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus,they will feel full, even if they have not eaten. Experiments were conducted on animals, their satiety center was damaged, as a result, they could not stop eating in time, and they developed obesity. The hypothalamus was also found to be involved in the regulation of sexual activity. Male monkeys were stimulated with areas of the medial bundle of the forebrain and adjacent areas of the hypothalamus, after which they showed mating readiness behavior. The amygdala is also involved in the organization of sexual behavior. It has an inhibitory effect. Monkeys and cats had their amygdala and periform cortex removed, after which they developed hypersexuality. They tried to mate with members of their own sex, animals of other species, and inanimate objects. A person with damage to the amygdala showed a decrease in emotions and the disappearance of aggression.

    Generalizing, we can define desire as an emotionally colored conscious need. The emergence and recognition of such a need can be divided into stages. The body receives signals from the senses. There is an excitation of the corresponding parts of the brain. These signals are processed, in particular, by areas of the brain responsible for memory and emotions. The structure of these zones is formed both in the process of growth of the body and in the process of accumulation of experience. Signals travel through networks of connections in the brain. In this process, the signal is transformed as a result of the excitation of brain regions that determine conditioned and unconditional reflexes, environmental habits, dynamic behavior patterns, and memory. As a result of these transformations, the signal from the senses is processed into the resulting conscious or unconscious urge to act. These actions can be divided into groups. Maintaining the balance of the body, its comfortable life. Maintaining social ties and a comfortable social structure. Cognitive activity and gaming behavior.

  6. In my opinion, desires are just masks of true needs. It is interesting to consider the examples.

    Here, I suddenly felt the urge to devour pickles. Why would that be? And it's just that the body needs some substance, and tries to “apply” for the corresponding product. How can he do this? And so: he finds in my memory an image of that substance-cucumbers in our case-and conducts me a mini-advertising campaign using this image. He shows me cucumbers to make me want them. That is, my consciousness in this case is just a puppet of the metabolic system.

    Another example. So, I've recently become interested in all sorts of weapons-from ancient cast-iron cannons to modern rifles. I was stunned myself – where did this come from? All my life I was a pacifist and a militer-don't care. I thought about it, and realized: the city in which I grew up was full of military symbols and military personnel, and the city in which I live now is completely devoid of such things. Aha, so the native atmosphere calls to itself, playing on those levers of consciousness-memory that it can reach. Well, she doesn't know how to use words, or she would have said, “Go home.”

    Well, and look under the desire for marriage-offspring-what initiates it? It is easy to see: the need for immortality. That is, marriage as a desire is only a mask of the spirit's need for freedom.

    That is, our wishlist is such colorful skins that transmit signals of real needs in such a way that at the same time these needs are hidden.

  7. Very roughly speaking – a certain level of neurotransmitters in the GM at a certain time interval. For example, if you are an athlete , you have a fairly high concentration of norepinephrine, which is obtained during physical activity. Accordingly, you will strive to maintain concentration, i.e. you will want to go to the horizontal bars or run in the park.

  8. Where do desires come from? And what is desire?Desire is a conscious or unconscious need to have something or do something.Desires can be physiological, at the level of instincts, and of a higher order, at the level of consciousness.With physiological desires, in my opinion, everything is clear: eat, drink, sleep…etc. � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �Desires at the level of consciousness can also differ: they can be deliberate, or they can be spontaneous, they can be fleeting, or they can be obsessive, irresistible.There may also be desires for various reasons.We skip physiology.There are everyday desires :причина the reason is the desire to create a comfortable existence. There are more mercantile desires: the reason is the desire for luxury and accumulation.But there are higher-level desires: creative, spiritual.They are caused by the desire to create, to create, to help people, to have compassion. � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �There is, however, another category of desires-imposed from the outside.The most striking example is the ubiquitous advertising.I don't think any explanations are needed.And also, of the same series – the imposition of desires through suggestion, a kind of zombification.� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �I apologize for the non-scientific language of the presentation.

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