One Answer

  1. Both methods are valid in different circumstances. When resources are extremely scarce, there is no surplus, and it is a matter of survival, it is only fair that resources should be distributed according to need. When basic needs are met and surpluses arise, the question arises as to what principle to allocate them to. And it seems fair to distribute just on merit. Another question is who and how these same merits determine which actions of people are valued higher and which are lower. And this is already a question of the culture of a given society, culture in the broadest sense of the word, which includes the concept of morality, and the common good, and man, and God.

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