4 Answers

  1. There is no such pattern, no tendency to such a thesis. Atheists themselves also often believe, for example, in the non-existence of God, although no evidence of such non-existence has been presented. In addition, they may believe in the existence of many other unproven things and phenomena. The argumentation strategy you describe is just one of the possible ones, and atheist opponents use it no less often.

  2. Because faith is different from knowledge of topics. that faith requires no proof. If you know that something exists, it is no longer a belief.

    You can trust that there is current in the socket. But as soon as you take a metal needle in each hand and stick them in the socket, you will instantly and absolutely know whether it is there or not.

  3. Because the goal of knowledge is an indicator of morality, holiness, but it is absolutely not achievable, Cohen believes, but a person must follow this path of knowledge. Values exist as a law of reason. Values also have a certain hierarchical structure: religious values are highest, and others go further down. The values of the stomach are somewhere at the very bottom, and Rickert (a representative of the Baden school of neo-Kantianism) again enters into an argument with contemporary socialists, who, according to him, put the ideal of the stomach higher than the ideal of the mind and heart. Our reality is chaotic, changeable, so according to Bradley, it is not real, and therefore not knowable. Our world is known in the phenomena of our space-time, i.e. my phenomenon and relation to space will differ from the phenomenon and relation to the space of another person. Therefore, such an idea of space is based on the idea of the existence of a certain reality that actually exists, but which is not given to us in the phenomena of our world of multiplicity. Man knows God through self-knowledge, because he has a connection with the Objective Mind. This is the Absolute. Religion, according to Bradley, is much closer to the knowledge of the Absolute than science, so religion is greater and higher than all other teachings, and even more than philosophy (we remember that Hegel argued that philosophy is at the highest stage, and it is through philosophy that the absolute idea knows itself in the Absolute Spirit). According to Bradley, it is impossible to know the object, because the subject is always involved in cognition in one way or another, and the process of cognition always leads us to the identification of subject and Object and to the removal of contradictions and opposites in the Absolute. This problem turned out to be similar to the problems of other schools that focused on the theory of knowledge, in particular, neo – Kantians, phenomenologists, and other philosophers. Therefore, this problem will always be controversial: “the struggle and unity of opposites.”

  4. Because the concept of “does not exist” has a precise, unambiguous definition. If a certain phenomenon never affects anything under any circumstances, and does not interact with anything real, then it does not exist.

    In all world religions, the idea of “God” strictly falls under this definition, i.e. God obviously does not exist precisely because he is declared “unknowable” and there is “no evidence and will not be”.

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