- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
The specifics of understanding the genre chosen by Dante were answered in detail above, but the interest is in finding the funny in ” Divine…”makes up its associative series and adventures in modern times. Laughter, like art, is in the eye of the beholder)
In 2021, mutual responsibility is felt more than ever. With the correction that the circles are not simple, but Dante's. 700 years ago, the author of the Divine Comedy, a guide to the afterlife, set out on one of the routes he described. But in such a solid jubilee year, everything returns to normal: “Greet the high Poet: His shadow returns, which was absent.” Dante-Dante's, decided on earth and arranged something like a “historical reconstruction”. On the one hand, the great poet and thinker is given heavenly honors-world exhibitions, multimedia projects, performances, lectures… On the other hand, they arrange a kind of Purgatory, washing the bones of the author and going through the lines of his texts, looking for all sorts of offensive and politically incorrect passages in them. Nor is it without Hell — exonerated in 2008, almost seven centuries after his death, Dante, a victim of Florentine political repression, faces new charges.
Plagiarism, racism, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism, homophobia-this, it turns out, is the frightening content of the book of the XIV century according to some human rights organizations.
You can't think of a better ad. You can't get the words out of Dante, he's part of the school curriculum in Europe. But it turned out that writing with a pen is quite possible to cut down: in the Netherlands and China, Dante's texts are disinfected, cleaning out fragments that may seem offensive or misinterpreted. Footnotes, comments, and historical references are not considered as a preventive measure to avoid cultural shock, moral suffering, or mental anguish. “Cut to hell, without waiting for peritonitis!” — think publishers and cut, clean, scrape. So it turns out not Dante, but some kind of Durante. By the way, this is the real name of the classic. The name is truncated, and the texts are also neutered. The work is so grandiose, they say, that these minimal edits will not hurt it in the least. Erase, they say, random features, and you will see: Dante is beautiful, and they shine through, check for “resentment”, tear out words and phrases like dentists.
How can you not remember the ancient Greek “bald man's paradox”?: if you pull out one hair, you won't be bald, if you pull out the other, you won't be bald, and so on, until there's nothing left to pull out.
As long as their neighbors face the prospect of burning with a bright flame in the eighth circle of Hell with other forgers, Russians have nothing to worry about. Our future is guaranteed by the guarantor himself. Didn't he say the guiding light: “We'll go to heaven, and they'll just die”? We have nothing to look out for from a foreign author of an interest group. Nine realms of Paradise are reserved for us. Purgatory in our lifetime, well, as in the program of double diplomas: life in Russia is counted here and there. Don't take my word for it? Do you doubt the Kremlin's strong word? So let's turn to the original source and make sure that we have no reason to burn in hell.
“Abandon hope, everyone who enters here” – phosphorizes over the gates of Hell, and hope, as you know, is our earthly compass. Let's take a look at Dante's Google Maps. In the first circle, not Solzhenitsyn's balls, but Limbo. There are those who are not seen in unrighteousness, but lived and died without the cross-like Moses and Abraham. We obviously have nothing to do here, is it for nothing that the patriarch drove around the capital in a Mercedes with a flashing light and a miracle-working icon? And we all bear the cross of living and being in Russia.
“Lyudochka, let's make a circle!” In the second round — voluptuaries. It's not for us. We used to have “no sex”, and now “fundamentals of Orthodox culture” instead of sex education. We keep our chastity, and everything that is outside falls under the propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations.
Let's move to the third circle's quadrature. There are gluttons, gluttons and gourmets. The ban on overseas delicacies, import substitution and higher food prices have reliably protected us from the local hell torment.
“I hope you are also a person of a certain circle? < … > – The fourth, – I say — – if you mean the circles of hell, ” wrote Dovlatov. Here we have on the fourth place those who do not know how to spend wisely, misers and spendthrifts. Judging by surveys, Russians do not know how to save money, and they are not in character. We live within our means, very, very mediocre.
Let's continue to wind circles. Fifth. The abode of the angry and lazy. “I ask the citizens not to be angry with me right away, because what I am about to say does not correspond to the feelings that people face in real life,” the president said at a press conference last year and thus saved us. If they ask, we will not be angry. Well, except for small things, in Khabarovsk there, or in Moscow on Pushkinskaya, so the OMON “eh, dubinushka, uhnet” and save from sin. As for laziness, as the same speaker said, “psychologists believe that laziness is a completely normal state of a person, caused by the fact that the body wants to rest.” No, in the fifth round we are like the fifth wheel in a cart — they will not accept us.
Close the sixth one. Heretics and false teachers are here. Not our people. So much money and effort has been spent by the country on rewriting history, correcting the past (on paper), and patriotic education that it will not be possible to merge us into the sixth circle.
And as for the heretics, they receive preventive bonfires during their lifetime, and they are burned with the verb in the official media, for humility.
Let's cut the seventh circle. There are murderers of all stripes and rapists on their neighbors, the deity, nature and art. Rapists are interviewed under the approval of the public, and as for violence, it is tamed, domestic, domestic. This doesn't count. So the statistics will confirm it. As for sodomites and apostates, they are closely watched by various public organizations that are distinguished by a fine sense of beauty. These will smell and stop. And if necessary, then they will be whipped. And the road to hell is paved with their good intentions… the ministry, where they are ready to conduct an explanatory conversation 24/7, a preventive excursion to the pre-trial detention center and a theatrical registration with the police will be played. Perhaps there is no other such social state that undertakes to provide a decent life for a citizen even after his life. Extraterrestrial concern!
And we won't be accepted into the eighth round. Sorcerers, astrologers, bribe takers, flatterers, thieves, perjurers, instigators of discord and other “counter-revolutionary scum”. Have you ever wondered why telescopes were banned in Siberia, and why the Yakut shaman was put away in a mental hospital — in the name of a higher goal, a grandiose strategic plan of the entire Russian Federation? As for the sycophants and obliging fools, they have long had the center of their vital interests outside the Fatherland (well, judging by foreign bills and sent abroad to save children), so if they don't want to escape with everyone, then so be it, let them burn in hell.
And finally, the ninth shaft, that is, the final circle. But he won't be able to take us in his arms, either. A circle of traitors of all stripes and especially of the motherland. Even in our lifetime, we have a short conversation with them, at the distance of the novichok action. The devotees, as well as those who have betrayed them, are rewarded during their lifetime. With a vengeance.
“Hell is empty! All the devils have flocked here!” — after all, Shakespeare is closer to us than Dante. His afterlife circles are not for us, who are driven around in circles during their lifetime, without offering a life-saving one. It was frustrating, frustrating, and frustrating, but in this year of the 700th anniversary of Dante's death, it was clear that our suffering was not in vain. “We will hear angels, we will see the whole sky in diamonds…” We drag out Purgatory, we are insured from Hell, but inner suspicion makes us doubt Paradise. My heart feels and feels like it whispers that “there is no truth on earth, but there is no truth above,” but I suggest that you do not despair ahead of time and do everything possible to make sure of this as slowly as possible.
Since, in the Middle Ages, comedy was called any work with an intimidating beginning and a happy ending, written in the local or native language of the author)
In fact, the point is that the understanding of “comedy” in the Middle Ages and in the modern world differs. We think that comedy is something fun, but in the Middle Ages they believed that comedy is a work that, roughly speaking, begins badly and ends well (as opposed to tragedy, where events unfolded from positive to negative). And the “Divine Comedy” is just heading from Hell to Heaven, that is, from negative to positive. Because of this gradation, the genre belongs to comedy.
Comedy as well as tragedy are the two main types of big drama invented in Greece. Tragedy is an unsolvable internal conflict between gg and reality, which affects the reader's mentality, where the solution to everything will be an act similar to” metanoia ” – catharsis. Comedy is a tragedy, but with someone else, that is, there is no act of identification, of living. That is, comedy is all sorts of interesting stories, but not with you personally.
Drama is a degenerate tragedy, where the conflict is not with reality, but with circumstances, not internal – but often external, not insoluble – but accidental.
Well, dramatic comedy is also not quite what the Greeks or Dante had. Well, there are still all sorts of comedies del arte, absurdity and other genres.
And here you need to understand: comedy is a type, a type of information transmitted, a poem is a genre, a form of information transmission.
Comedy is a genre of fiction characterized by humorous or satirical approaches, and also a type of drama in which the moment of effective conflict or struggle is specifically resolved.
Thus, a comedy can be a type of drama in which a moment of conflict or struggle is resolved. “Divine Comedy” is a type of drama that describes the confrontation of the lyrical hero with his passions. To get rid of them, in the community of a mysterious guide, he visits hell, purgatory and paradise. And when he contemplates the center of Divine love (the Triune God), he loses the ability to see anything. The conflict is thus resolved:
“Here the high spirit of the take-off is exhausted;
But passion and will have already sought me,
As if the wheel is given a smooth ride,
Love that moves the sun and stars.”
That is, Dante from now on, having passed through the afterlife, like a wheel revolves around the Love that he saw. He ceases to see paradise, but paradise is now in him.