3 Answers

  1. Good afternoon! Yes, different specialists call it differently, but in the end it is the same condition – an uncontrollable, irrational, exhausting and very intense attack of panic and anxiety, which is accompanied by somatic and psychological symptoms.

    There are also other synonyms:

    • Vegetative crisis
    • Sympatho-adrenal crisis
    • Vegetative vascular dystonia
    • Neurocirculatory dystonia
    • Cardioneurosis

    At the heart of the condition, regardless of its name, is a high level of anxiety, provoking somatic reactions of the body.

  2. Sympathoadrenal crisis is an outdated name for some of the symptoms that occur during a panic attack.

    It is also important to separate what is called a panic attack colloquially and what health professionals (doctors, medical psychologists) have in mind.

    A panic attack is (colloquially) a state of extreme anxiety (i.e., panic), when a person cannot control behavior, it seems to him that something is happening that threatens life. At the physiological level, a panic attack is characterized by increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, increased sweating, and so on.

    As for the terminology in the scientific world , what is called a “panic attack” is considered by experts as part of a panic disorder (which has a separate description in the International Classification of Diseases). Panic disorder is the regular occurrence of panic attacks (from several per day to several per year).

  3. A sympatho-adrenal crisis is an increased arousal of the sympathetic nervous system. It is accompanied by an increase in blood pressure, palpitations, rapid pulse, anxiety, agitation, trembling. The same symptoms have a panic attack, which is also associated with the excitation of the sympathetic nervous system. But a panic attack also has subjective signs, such as fear and panic, which may not be present in a crisis. Therefore, you can't put an equal sign between these two concepts.

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