2 Answers

  1. There is some confusion here, which I think is explained in the corresponding Wiki article. But it is not clearly explained, including to me.

    There is knowledge and there are feelings. This is different. We experienced something-feelings, then processed it – got knowledge.

    Maria has all the knowledge about red. But she has no experience of experiencing red. The question is whether she will gain some new knowledge by experiencing the actual sensation of red. She will definitely get new feelings.

    And here the answer is not clear. Possible options are discussed in the article, but as a matter of fact, an experiment is needed.

    I personally think that the experiment itself is far-fetched, I doubt that Maria can still know everything about color, since knowledge is always transmitted not only as information, but also as experience.

  2. F. Jackson suggests introducing the color scientist Maria to the reader. Maria studies the neurophysiology of color, all her life being in a black-and-white room, through a black-and-white monitor. At the same time, Maria has studied color so well that she knows all the information about color that can only be obtained. It knows the wavelengths of all colors, knows exactly which neurons transmit a signal from the retina to the brain and what is happening in the brain itself at this time. Jackson asks what would happen if we let Maria out of her black-and-white room and into the real world, would she learn anything new?

    I didn't understand the meaning of the experiment at all. Aren't knowledge about the workings of consciousness and the workings of consciousness itself two different things? A person cannot use those parts of the brain that are active during perception by himself. Everyone remembers the taste of an apple, but no one can reproduce this taste until they start eating it. Perception of reality is a process in which reality and consciousness must participate. The language of physics� is a way to capture the results of this process. This experiment only proves that a person can reason about things that are inaccessible to perception. To reflect a reality that is inaccessible to perception, or even to describe unreal things, a person creates a language.

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