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Many people want to be Heroes, save everyone, and appear strong and smart. and there are those who just help someone.
Everyone has their own life, everyone manages it himself.
A double-edged sword.
On the one hand, if a person himself has the right to decide how to live, who to be and what to do, why does he not have the right to decide whether to live at all?�
On the other hand, it is worth considering the desire of a healthy, physiologically speaking, person to pass away as a psychological deviation, which may be a consequence of the same depression, here it is worth intervening.�
But I myself consider suicide to be somewhat selfish. After all, it is not you who will have to live with the thoughts of your death, but do the people around you deserve such suffering?
From a legal point of view, the deliberate abandonment of a person who is in a dangerous state for life and health is punishable only for persons who were required to take care of this person, Article 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. This is relevant only for doctors, when they are in the line of duty and, according to the law, do not have the right to refuse medical care. At the same time, the commission of a crime motivated by compassion will be a mitigating circumstance.
If someone just walks down the street and sees that a person wants to jump off a bridge, for example, then they will not bear any responsibility.�
And the second part of your question already relates more to the moral aspect of the problem, rather than to the legal one.
You know, the problem, as always, is that theory collides with practice. In theory, yes, anyone has the right to die. In practice, when it comes to rescue, it looks like this-they call an unconscious person with signs of poisoning. How do we know to save her, or did she want to sleep forever? We must save them. This is one time. And two – there are a lot of cases when a suicide attempt is a cry to others – save me, I feel bad.
P.S. The question was clarified-legally. Well, here's the first part of the answer about the legal point of view. And so, of course, it has. Only he must fulfill his desire. There can be no legal claims against him. The only thing is that if suicide is carried out in a socially dangerous way (blowing yourself up in the subway), then relatives may have problems. Or if you crash your car into another car and you're still alive, you're in trouble again.
Let's consider a few cases.
1. If a suicidal person tries to end his life and you just stand there, then you will not have any complaints. The main thing is not to push him to do this.
2. If you managed to save a person from a mistake without physical injury, then you can be considered a hero. On the legal side, you are clean.
3. If you saved a suicidal person, but at the same time he broke his arm or caused physical harm to himself, then it can already go to court. If the victim proves that the injuries and injuries were caused by your fault, you can get into a good mess.
4. The suicide has done its dirty work, now it is your responsibility to report it to the competent authorities. Providing first aid is your right, not your duty.
Jurisprudence, as a rule, does not answer the question “is it necessary?”, it defines the boundaries of the conditions when a person is obliged to take any actions. If a person is obligated by law to take certain actions in a certain situation, then responsibility must be provided for refusing to perform them.
In the Russian Federation, as correctly noted in the comments, you will not be held criminally liable, even if you pass by a dying person who has attempted suicide(unless you actively helped him make it before).
If you manage to get into a similar situation, for example, in Ukraine , it is unlikely that you will be prosecuted if you do not try to prevent a suicide attempt. However, in the event that the expected result of suicide did not occur instantly, and you do not do anything to help him, or, at least, report the victim to the competent structures – you can be brought to criminal responsibility for “Not providing assistance to a person in a life-threatening condition” Article 136 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.�
Therefore, you are not obliged to prevent a suicide attempt, but to help the victim as a result of its implementation – here you can see where you are. In any case, help the person at least with a message to the ambulance, you will not lose money, and they will have time to finish themselves off another time(in any case, your conscience will be clear, and you will not have to worry about whether inactivity is punishable in this case or not, because the law may change tomorrow…).