3 Answers

  1. Sophocles used a plot. It's not for me to be his critic. The first time I came across this story was in Moscow, when I was a student, in the form of a Pasolini film. The film impressed me. I didn't even know that I was in a certain sense the “hero” of this film. I can't answer you specifically. Your question exceeds my capacity for simple answers. This is the plot of plots… This is a matter of questions. If you are worthy of Fate, search like Oedipus.
    If not, the question is about nothing, I can't explain.

  2. It seemed to me that Freudian interpretations of the Oedipus myth became a kind of “plug” for using it to explain all sorts of meanings that could not be explained directly, and the role of this interpretation as a cliche significantly outgrew its own meaning. Isn't it?

  3. It is not possible to mention all this, since the Oedipus myth and Sophocles ' writings about it had a huge impact on European culture. Sophocles is an integral part of the Western canon of literature.

    For Hegel (in lectures on the philosophy of history) Oedipus was the prototype of the philosopher who destroys the mythological order and establishes a rational anthropocentric perspective (the transition from the ” Eastern “phase to the “Greek” one, which is symbolized by the death of the Sphinx), and also (in Aesthetics) an example of resolving contradictions-the central idea of Hegel-by freely following all actors to their ethical principles. Nietzsche, who considered tragedy the highest form of art, considered the fate of Oedipus in The Birth of Tragedy as a necessary sacrifice for the synthesis of Dionysian and Apollonian, which creates a work that allows viewers to experience the human condition. In the personal choice of a person who is in a human state (and not under the influence of the gods) Oedipus, including in the search for truth, can be seen as an existential choice between authentic and inauthentic life.

    In the 20th century, the” Oedipus complex ” occupied an important place in Freud's psychoanalysis( and here I really wanted to quote Pelevin), as well as its successors – Lacan and others. He also influenced structuralism – the anthropologist Levi-Strauss breaks down the story of Oedipus into basic units of meaning (“mythemes”) and finds a general structure based on an attempt to resolve the contradiction about human origin – do people descend from “one species” or “two opposites” (parents), i.e., reproduction is the reproduction of an existing one or the creation of a difference? According to structuralists, any narrative, social practice, or culture can be analyzed in this way (identifying basic oppositions, functions, and structures).

    For Heidegger, the Oedipus myth was a remarkable example of pre-Socratic hermeneutical truth, for which he used the term “aletheia”. This is not a “rational”truth (“corresponding to the state of affairs” or logical), but an understanding, disclosure of the world, based on freedom. Oedipus voluntarily begins to search for the truth, interacting with the world, fighting with it, and gradually the truth is revealed to him, including those regions that he did not even know about.

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