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  1. According to a study by Jean Piaget (a Swiss psychologist known for his work on the psychology of children), children's understanding of dreams goes through a number of stages.

    At first, children seem to believe that dreams occur in reality, and do not make a strict distinction between reality and dreams. Then children begin to suspect that dreams are unreal, but they continue to evaluate them differently from adults – for example, children perceive dreams as something visible to other people or coming from outside (as if it were a cartoon on the screen), and finally, by the age of 6-7, children come to understand that dreams are invisible and have an internal origin.

    Piaget also believed that children learn about dreams from their parents (when parents tell children that it was just a dream, something unreal happening in the child's head), but Piaget's followers (for example, Kohlberg) came to a different conclusion – that children come to the concept and understanding of dreams on their own.

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