6 Answers

  1. 20 rules of memorization by Peter Wozniak *

    1. Take on what you understand. Get to the bottom of it.

    2. Before you remember it, study it. Build facts into an interconnected picture-this will dramatically reduce memorization time and improve quality.

    3. From general to specific. Do not neglect the initial knowledge, even if it seems banal and well-known to you. And then add details to them as needed.

    4. Follow the “minimum information” rule. Simplify the material you are studying. No need to throw away important or difficult-to-remember information. You just need to present it in a simple way.

    5. Use images. One image can sometimes tell you more than a huge synopsis. Do not neglect the pictures in the learning process. We perceive images best of all!

    6. Avoid confusion. We often confuse events and facts because of their similarity.

    For example, you know that Guana is located between Venezuela, Suriname and Brazil. You can easily remember this fact. However, if you need to remember the location of all the listed countries. Plus Colombia and some others, the information in your head will get mixed up, and you will forget where Guana is.

    Here are some tips for such cases::

    • Avoid ambiguity.
    • Follow the “minimum information” principle.
    • As soon as you see two similar facts, immediately draw a clear line between them, paying special attention to the differences. This will be much more difficult to do in the future.
    1. Be brief. Don't build complex and confusing sentences with lots of details. They will distract you from the main idea. Identify the most important things and focus on them. If necessary, you can always submit the details as a separate question.

    2. Refer to other memories. By making links to previously studied material, you give the information the right context, make sentences shorter , and reduce the risk of confusing this fact with another.

    3. Take real-life examples. Link a fact to an event in your life and it will be firmly etched into your memory. Plus, this way you won't confuse events that have a lot in common.

    4. Add emotions. If you provide a shocking detail to the fact, it will be remembered better.

    • In general, there are 20 of these memorization rules . I have selected the most important ones and presented them in abbreviated form. follow the link for the full version.
  2. Memory and attention are inextricably linked, so problems with remembering what you read can be caused by both poor memory in general and inattention.

    First you need to create the ideal conditions for careful reading:

    • Get some privacy in a quiet and peaceful place. You should be comfortable, light enough and comfortable. Sit with a straight back.
    • Turn off the sound of gadgets so that they don't distract you.
    • Take a notepad and pencil to take notes on what you've read.
      To remember everything after the first reading, you need to understand what you read. Make sense of each sentence or semantic block and write down theses and main thoughts on paper – this way you will immediately build the structure of the material.

    If, after completing all the conditions for careful reading, you still do not remember important points, this may indicate problems with memory in general. Memory is a cognitive function of the brain that fades if it is not constantly trained. Developing memory, you stimulate all its properties: volume, speed of memorization and strength of information retention.

    You can use online testing to check how well your attention and memory are developed, as well as your thinking skills. This introductory test is offered by the Wikium service, a developer of cognitive simulators that develop basic brain functions. Based on the results of the test, you will be given a personal training program, thanks to which both attention and memory will develop evenly.

  3. In addition to all the above, I would like to add that some texts, especially large ones that touch on extensive topics, cannot be understood from the first reading. For example,” Plant Physiology ” by S. S. Medvedev. This and similar texts are sometimes explained by themselves, that is, in order to understand in the first chapter why the cell needs chloroplasts, you need to read the second chapter about photosynthesis, and so on.This applies even more to texts in the humanities.

    I just want to tell you not to despair if the above methods didn't help you.

  4. I suggest my own method – to read it out rhythmically/recitatively (a la rap)or just chant.

    You can use any popular harmonies, melodies of your favorite or just well-remembered songs. This is how I always learned the text before performances. And fast enough.

  5. Turn on the logic, think about each paragraph, if something is not clear-reread it.�

    Enable motor memory: try to retell a ticket, paragraph, story, etc. in writing.�

    Write cheat sheets ! As a rule, if a person wrote cheat sheets himself, they are no longer required for the exam.

  6. There are many techniques and they are all good for different texts.
    If this is some kind of methodical / reference / educational literature, then it's really cool to highlight theses in the course of reading and remember them, and not the text itself. So the most necessary information will be stored in your head. Paragraph / chapter/paragraph — be sure to highlight the thesis.

    Visualization is a great way. Imagine what you read in detail in your head. Develops both imagination and memory, and, probably, something creative there.

    To train stupid memory, there is an exercise: take 10 random words and compose a story from them. After some time (10 minutes, an hour, a day, etc.), try to restore the list and word order from this history. Increase the number of �words as soon as they are easy to get. There is a legend that Zen learners remember up to 1000 words and their order.

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