2 Answers

  1. There are different types of logic:

    1. Informal logic (“everyday”).
    2. Formal logic (“mathematical”).
    3. Dialectics (logic of development, evolutionary).

    Formal logic is consistent with anything (it is also abstracted from determinism).

    The informal version depends on the ideas about the universe, but therefore there is no “generally accepted” version of it (the logic is consistent with the “picture of the world”, and not vice versa).

    Dialectical theory is not applicable to “unchangeable” and not developing (not improving and not degrading).

    In connection with cause and effect, there is no logic (without a determinim, the “laws of nature”, not logic, lose their meaning).

    Maybe I didn't understand what you wanted to ask?

    Then please edit the question and describe its essence in more detail by clicking the “Details” button in the question editing form. Then maybe I can add something to what was said in P.S.

  2. 1. logic is a mathematical discipline. we can say that logic is metaphysically neutral, that is, it does not depend on philosophical views.

    1. logic works with statements, and there are no causal relationships between statements.

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