6 Answers

  1. Psychotherapists do not interpret dreams. And this is basically unscientific. You can analyze dreams, but you should rely solely on the individual experience of the dreamer. The same object can have completely different meanings for different people. For example, one person will associate a chamomile field with rest and space, while another person will associate it with danger. Perhaps the first one spent his holidays in the country, and therefore he has positive associations. And the second one was once bitten by a dog among daisies, and the brain recognizes this flower as an unfavorable signal.

    If someone wants to evaluate their dreams and extract predictive information from them, they should keep a dream diary. There you need to record the dream immediately after waking up, as well as the main events that occur with the person. Then, as information accumulates, it will be possible to draw parallels between dream and reality.

  2. For example, the founder of CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy), Aaron Beck, studying dreams, concluded that dreams reflect a person's cognitive patterns and can be a tool for cognitive restructuring, since “decoding” the content of dreams allows you to identify maladaptive template thinking. And this, in turn, makes it possible to see the problem from a different angle, without distortion + if necessary, already change the behavior taking into account the actual needs of the person.

    Deep directions (psychoanalysis, analytical Jung…) they consider dreams (their analysis) as one of the most important tools for working with the unconscious, that is, with that field of the human psyche that is not realized, but the contents of which can influence his behavior, thoughts, emotions in real life and periodically “break through” into consciousness through various symbols and images – in dreams/in the process of meditation/in the” products ” of active imagination, etc.

    Such “breakthroughs” of information from the unconscious, including through dreams, can be perceived as a feature of the functional psyche, prompting a person, as it were, to return to the” start ” of unrealized and overwhelming experiences of the past in order to complete them.

    And if psychoanalysis, as one of the deeper directions, is limited here to research in the field of the personal unconscious-roughly speaking, repressed individual experiences from human life, then Jungianism (analytical psychology of Carl Jung) complements psychoanalytic theory with the doctrine of contents that are already on floors deeper than the “basement” of the psyche, “dug” by Freud. We are talking here about the layer of the collective unconscious, in other words, about the conditional primordial memory/wisdom of all mankind, which includes common, universal patterns of behavior, thinking, perception and other aspects that still connect all of us with each other with a single knowledge about a person and everything that surrounds him. Then, in this context, many dream images will act as archetypes.

    For example, the image of a person of the same sex with a dreamer in a dream, whose characteristics are of a pronounced negative, repulsive nature, may be an archetype of the Shadow – personality qualities that they do not accept in themselves, sometimes, so to speak, “low motives”; what is difficult to show to others because of the fear of rejection.

    Dream analysis in psychological/psychotherapeutic practice helps a person to complete his destructive projections – and therefore gives him the opportunity to see the causes of the problem and work out the neurosis: by analyzing the dream, he can become aware of what was repressed/suppressed in himself (due to traumatic events, for example) and get out of the so-called “tunnel thinking “(scenario and often destructive behavior), building the whole picture of the situation-not – armed”: having understood the essence of the problem, there is a greater choice of the best solutions.

    When working with dreams, self-awareness develops, because the process involves a detailed acquaintance with your Self, with its structure.

    Such a “meeting” is always difficult – not everyone is ready to see themselves as real, without “masks”: the psyche is used to protecting a person from the negative consequences of such” dates ” with themselves. Despite the complexity of self-knowledge and self-acceptance, such work brings for a person a lot of useful discoveries that harmonize his contact with himself and the world. And working with dreams here is a convenient and delicate way to interact with all the components of your personality in order to explore your true Self in an eco-friendly and gentle way.

  3. In two ways. Working with dreams is a popular practice in modern psychotherapy, both analysts and gestaltists do this. Dreams are interpreted, interpreted, they are looking for projections, messages of the unconscious. Lectures, seminars, and training specializations are conducted on working with dreams. But not everything is so clear.�

    There are several problems here. First, people don't remember their dreams very well. And the fact that people do not remember well, they can think out. So it turns out that when the client and the therapist analyze their dream, they tell: a) what he thinks he saw, b) what he remembers from it, c) what he thought up to give the scattered fragments some logic. How much is left of the original dream?

    Secondly, non-falsifiability, non-verifiability, and therefore unscientific. The whole possibility of “dream interpretation” is based on hypotheses. Sometimes, if the therapist gets too involved, the process begins to resemble fortune-telling on coffee grounds. “Saw a dog? Do you want to bite someone? Do you want to make friends with someone? Bitten by fleas?” “Had a dream about the house? What kind of door was it? Were there bars on the windows?” – and the person begins to think about whether there was a door and whether there were bars, although, in fact, he did not dream of the house as a visual image, he dreamed of the joy of buying a house or the feeling of danger that the house would collapse. Does this mean following a false trail? Don't know. Someone will say that what the client thinks out is still part of his inner world, and it is impossible to think out what is not there. And someone will say that this is hanging the projections of the therapist himself, which interferes with the process. As a matter of fact, no one knows. Dreams are almost impossible to study scientifically because of the specifics of the object of study itself (as well as the subject). In my opinion, it makes sense to take seriously only recurring dreams or dreams united by a common emotion, obsessive dreams – hidden fears and desires can really come to the surface in them.

    Third, the lack of responsibility of a person for their own dream. If reservations, erroneous actions, stories, and drawings can be analyzed as products of a person's conscious activity, then dreams cannot be. One thing is images that a person mentions himself, and another is a cartoon that they “turn on” in a dream. It's one thing to understand why a person calls their child by someone else's name, another thing is why they imagined something. The level of control, as well as responsibility, is completely different here.

  4. It makes sense to interpret dreams only for solving problems (or requests) of the client to resolve internal conflicts.

    Only psychics or sympathizers can interpret dreams abstractly from the specific problems of clients.

    Dreams only tell you where to look for an aggravated internal conflict between different subpersonalities of a person or his internal attitudes.

    And the interpretation of dreams is just as “non-technological” and vague as describing the internal state of a person by Rorschach spots, when the accuracy of diagnosis depends very much on the talent, experience and mood of the therapist himself.

  5. Dreams are our physiology. I recommend the movieSecrets of Sleep (2006, USA), very much cleared up for me! Roughly speaking : in a dream, the brain solves problems, tries to find “associations that can help us” or instincts pop up (so often many people dream the same thing). Sometimes he finds inappropriate associations, so it turns out to be chaotic nonsense. Or we simply do not understand how and what this is connected with in our lives at the moment. A psychologist can help you find a problem that a person ignores, but it manifests itself in restless and incomprehensible dreams, for example.

  6. Well, sleep is an amazing thing in general. Listen less to those who earn money from it. Four relatives came to me in a dream, close ones, and said goodbye to me before they died. For many thousands of km. And then the phone rang. Then there were no mobile phones. And I was on my way to the funeral. You don't have to believe it.

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