4 Answers

  1. so they seem to have quite different philosophies.

    What is there to recognize an idealist? does he have a plan for the world ( maybe not his own, but which he puts as an example) �where citizens are required to receive… something.

    Well, everyone will be fine or I don't know, people will become kinder or corruption will disappear and so on.

    In my opinion, idealists have one disadvantage in any approach. they completely deny human nature.

    They sincerely believe that if you give humanity an idea, a system, or something similar, people's lives will change dramatically.

    But after all, many people live as they live primarily because of themselves.
    Because of their shortcomings, laziness. stupidity or greed, or maybe excessive naivety and cowardice.

    But idealists believe that there is simply no choice… the appropriate scheme. and as soon as it appears, everything will work out right away.

    I think it's easier to notice a materialist against their background)))

  2. When I was studying at the institute, our philosophy teacher liked to surprise the student with a sudden tricky question, like: “Is matter something or nothing?”.
    Someone on the Internet read in a more detailed form, but in fact the same thing.

    If someone believes that matter is something that is within the limits of our cognitive abilities, that we can measure, study(we can manipulate ideas, categories), then he is a subjective idealist.

    If someone believes that matter is something unknowable, a “thing in itself”, beyond the limits of our abilities and does not depend on them, then he is a metaphysical materialist.

    If someone believes that our cognitive abilities and everything that exists in general are one and the same, then he is an objective monistic idealist(or diamatchik).

  3. This division in itself is quite conditional, it is worth understanding. it is easy to recognize – ask what a person believes in-the creation of the world, mythical creatures, the soul. etc. their belief system will become clear.

  4. A person who believes that nothing exists except the physical (in a broad sense) world, and the human psyche is the result of processes in the brain (and does not exist separately either) is a materialist.

    All deviations from this are forms of idealism.

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