3 Answers

  1. Don't even try to study the psyche through science. The psyche is a wonderfully complex and beautiful phenomenon. It is partly described by brain science. But the scientific method explains only real phenomena that can be measured. Finding the reason for this or that behavior in the brain is still very difficult or even impossible. Therefore, psychologists assume that the psyche is a more or less independent system and lives according to its own laws. Psychologists also believe that people are somewhat empathic – that is, they can understand a person's psyche when they talk to them or just watch them.

    From this method, theories are born that cannot be refuted –

    • about the inner child;

    • about psychotypes;

    • about psychological complexes;

    and so on.

    Science believes that if there is no way to test your idea, then your idea is unscientific and cannot be considered true. Therefore, psychology is unscientific.

    But to completely abandon psychology is to bury the inquisitiveness that lives in human nature. Thanks to it, science exists. One should not abandon attempts to explain phenomena if there are no ways to do so yet. Attempts can encourage the development of techniques.

    I think that science and psychology can live side by side in our age. Psychology can only wait for the development of methods that can be used to test it. Until then, you need to discard outright nonsense based on pseudoscience and mythology, such as theories about karma, aura, energy of the word, THOUSANDS OF THEM. In addition, it is necessary to abandon methods that can cause harm to people.

    Psychology is not a science, but a useful and beautiful branch of knowledge.

  2. First: no, it's not true. In any case, not everyone thinks so.

    Second, it all depends on what is considered science. There is a formal criterion of scientific character, called the “Popper criterion”, after the author's last name, or the “falsifiability criterion”. Its meaning: a theory can be considered scientific if within its framework it is possible, at least theoretically, to set up an experiment, one of the possible results of which will REFUTE this theory (that is, falsify it). That is, in order to be scientific, a theory must be fundamentally refutable. Because the basic principle of science is evidence – based. And a proof has value only when it is theoretically possible to refute it. If a theory cannot be refuted in principle, it has no scientific value, because it cannot be verified.

    In other words, if the principle of “Exception confirms rule” applies in any discipline, this is not science! Because the exception refutes the rule.

    From this point of view, a significant part of psychological theories are unscientific, precisely because they cannot be refuted in principle. There is no such human behavior that would prove that Freudian psychoanalysis is wrong! For anything within the same psychoanalysis, there is an explanation. That is, it turns out that any fact confirms the theory, and the theory explains any fact. This is not science – this is esotericism.

    Does this mean that psychology, with its accumulated observational material, theories and methods, is unnecessary and useless? Of course not! These materials, these theories and methods are applied and give certain positive results. But this is not science in the same sense as, say, physics.

    However, in the same sense, sciences are not, for example, history, philosophy, political science, or all types of art criticism… Even macroeconomics, by and large, can not be considered fully scientific (look at how many theories of economic crises exist, and almost none of them can even be theoretically refuted).

  3. It depends on who thinks so and what this person means by the concept of psychology…For those who do not delve into this science, psychology is nonsense and nonsense. And those who have a direct relationship to it will disagree with such statements….In fact, psychology has developed a scientific apparatus, a lot of experiments, theories. I would like to object to the previous commentator: in fact, from the point of view of biology, only how the brain works and how the psyche affects the body and vice versa is explained… As a student of the Faculty of Psychology, I can say that psychology is present in one way or another everywhere. We just don't notice it. Educational programs, evacuation plans, various propaganda, advertising – based on psychology … �

    The main argument of critics of psychology is that it is impossible to get into a person's thoughts, in his head (not in the skull and brain), and find out for sure how he thinks, what he thinks. But maybe science will allow us to do this in the distant future. Psychology is an imprecise science, but that doesn't mean it's not a science. Not everything is subject to mathematics.

Leave a Reply