3 Answers

  1. Nationality is what you personally mean by this word, because there is no objective substratum in this term.�

    You can identify yourself by nationality in terms of the language “I speak Russian, I am Russian”. It is possible from the point of view of culture “I belong to the Russian culture, I am Russian”. You can just believe that you are Russian because, well, that's all.

    And you can believe in the mud about genes and their inherent traits of mentality, although in fact genes simply encode proteins and nothing more.

    Look, it all started in remote antiquity, when the black monkeys of yesterday, spreading out and capturing new territories, came out of Africa and settled in various different places, where they began to acquire features that help them live in these very places. A separate settlement for thousands of years could fix some genes in its composition, but gene issues are solved slowly, but it is much faster to start speaking different languages by the standards of time, and therefore ethnic groups began to count not by what kind of genes there are, but by language families.

    We are Slavs in fact, not because we have such genes there, but because our language is part of the Slavic family. And Mansi (or Khanty? I forgot) relatives of Hungarians are not just like that, but according to a common language root, once their ancestors understood each other without translation.

    As time passed, these genes were mixed up, and cultures changed, and languages changed.. when suddenly scientific and technological progress came and finding a wife from the other side of the world was no longer a problem at all.

    And here we are, children of the 21st century, in the blood splashes the genetic composition of well if one race, and so quite a minimum of two.

    What nafig nationality is innate? Whatever you want, you can be.

  2. In the Russian language, the word “nationality” was established in the Soviet period, when the use of certain political and cultural concepts, as well as their very definition, were politically biased and served certain goals of the ideological apparatus. Therefore, this term, like many others, lost its former pragmatic meaning after the destruction of this very apparatus. Therefore, I think it is appropriate to look at what related terms mean in the Western (more precisely, English-speaking) world, and, based on this, answer your question.
    Nationality is a formal relationship between an individual and the State. That is, citizenship, with our money. For example, all US citizens are American by nationality.

    Ethnicity means belonging to an ethnic group. An ethnic group is a group of people connected to each other by a common identity, language, culture, and origin. That is, according to modern concepts, if a person considers himself Estonian, speaks Estonian, is familiar with the Estonian cultural heritage and connects his fate with the historical fate of the Estonian people, then he is Estonian.

    Finally, a race is a group of people with similar, genetically inherited morphological characteristics, such as height, build, skin and hair color, and facial features. There are many classifications of races and criteria for belonging to them, since the number of inherited traits is incalculable. For example, the TSB mentions 32 races.

    That is, in the modern sense, nationality is determined by citizenship, ethnicity is determined by who a person considers himself or herself and in what society he or she grew up and formed, and race is determined by genetically inherited characteristics.

    There are multi-ethnic and multi-racial nations, such as, for example, the Americans. An American can be Irish American, Italian American, Caucasian, or Black. At the same time, Irish Americans are a sub-ethnic group of a larger Irish ethnic group.�

    There are races that include representatives of different ethnic groups. For example, Estonians, Finns, and some Russians belong to the so-called Eastern Baltic race.�

    There are multi-racial ethnic groups – for example, representatives of the Atlanto-Baltic, White Sea-Baltic, and Uralic races belong to the Russian ethnic group according to the same BSE.

    Misunderstanding of all this, or rather, the perception of the national question through the Soviet prism, leads to confusion of concepts and, accordingly, to porridge in the head of a Soviet person. There is, for example, the meme “Pushkin is not a Russian, but a Negro” because Pushkin's great-grandfather was an Ethiopian (although even under the Nuremberg racial laws of the Third Reich, he would be considered a full-blooded Russian). The writer Akunin claims to be 1/500 Yakut, although he almost certainly doesn't know a word of Yakut. This also includes all “one-quarter Karelians”, “one-eighth Tatars”, “Jews by great-uncle” and so on.

  3. You can also represent your nationality the way you displayed it. Of course, there are certain patterns that are transmitted at the physical level. However, history is full of facts when children born to parents with one cultural formation fell into the opposite. Muslim children were assigned to Christian children, Jewish children to Arab children, etc. And in this case, customs, traditions, and religious cults played an important role in shaping the appearance of a person. The personality was made up of those identifications that were imposed on it by the very environment of “growth”. And nothing prevented an Arab from eating pork, and a Jew from being a devout Muslim, etc. Thus, we can say that a person is not born Hungarian or Czech, Jewish or Shinto, a person does not even know his name, but rather relate to those conditions with which his development environment is connected.

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