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  1. Of course, everything related to Germany in the 1930s is very difficult, and I definitely don't have enough competence to answer unequivocally why. I would just like to point out that what we think of as thinking — progressive, critical, innovative, whatever — doesn't necessarily go hand in hand with what we (or anyone else) think is “good” in politics. Plato was great, but the structure of his Polity is clearly very far removed from the modern liberal-democratic mainstream. And so, for example, is Hegel: it is difficult to overestimate his philosophical significance, but this did not prevent him from admiring Napoleon or considering Prussia a model state. Heidegger (whose genius is also beyond any doubt), let me remind you, was a member of the NSDAP, and never once repented of this later.

    So, unfortunately or fortunately, people cannot be clearly divided into champions of good or evil, and great philosophers as well.

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