3 Answers

  1. Jan Hendrik Schön is a German physicist, born in 1970. In 1997, he got a job at the Bell Labs research center. His work has been published in the well-known journals Nature and Science. He was awarded the following prestigious physics awards: the Otto-Klung-Weberbank Award, the Braunschweig Award, and the Outstanding Young Investigator Award. Everyone admired his scientific works, he was predicted to win the Nobel Prize. The results of his work proved that it was possible to further reduce the size of the transistor, which meant delaying the limit according to Moore's law.

    The problems started when other scientists and research laboratories around the world were unable to replicate the results achieved by Shen. Bell Labs management has created a commission to investigate possible scientific fraud. The Commission requested all electronic drafts, laboratory records, and experimental results from Shen, but was unable to obtain anything. Shen claimed that the files were deleted due to a lack of hard disk space. In 2002, a 127-page report was published detailing 24 points of scientific misconduct. The report found that all the falsifications were carried out only by Shen and the co-authors were not involved. Shen partially admitted his guilt. He claims that in some places the falsification may have occurred purely by chance, and in some places he deliberately distorted the data to show more convincing evidence of the behavior he observed. He goes on to claim that his experiments worked, and that molecular-sized transistors are possible using the techniques he demonstrated.

    Bell Labs fired Shen the day they received the report. This was the first known case of fraud in the history of the laboratory. Scientific journals have withdrawn 21 articles written by Shen. The University of Konstanz revoked his doctoral degree. The German Research Foundation has imposed restrictions on work, as well as completely excluded the possibility of receiving scholarships for an eight-year period.

    Main consequences:�

    • Loss of a huge amount of time and money. Physicists from all over the world have spent tens of millions of dollars trying to replicate the results. Students made their research papers and dissertations based on Shen's work.�
    • The tarnished reputation of Bell Labs.
    • The problem of trust in the scientific community.
  2. eeem.. experiments on prisoners of war?)))
    In fact, they like to remember the fascists very much in this regard, but the “gloomy geniuses” were not really with them.

    banal, the most widespread violations of ethics are, of course, in connection with military affairs. just by virtue of eeem.. wars)
    But even in peacetime, it is very easy to break it.
    for example, the developer knows that not all side effects of the drug have been identified and it is too early to test it on humans.
    but there is no money, no time, and he ignores it and starts testing. such cases are well-known and what is there – they didn't end suddenly

  3. Easy. At the top of this infamous shortlist is the violation of bioethics rules during scientific experiments, theft of scientific results from other scientists and falsification of research results-this is often the sin of scientists who work for a pharmaceutical company. There are also quite banal things like corruption.

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