3 Answers

  1. One of the most authoritative philosophical journals in the world today (one of the top five in terms of impact factor), Mind magazine, was originally founded in 1876 as a journal of philosophy and psychology, which does not distinguish between the first and second.

    Wundt was already writing at the time, but he opened the lab later.

    The first editor of the journal was psychologist Alexander Ben.

    His first two works, The Senses and the Intellect and Emotions and The Will, formed the complete course of associative psychology at the time and were used as textbooks until the end of the century.

    Ben did a lot of things – in particular, he tried to give a strict definition of empathy and show what role empathy plays in the cohesion of social groups, to find out whether phrenology is suitable as a basis for building differential psychology, etc., etc.

    But I'm on to something – most of the major psychologists of that time wrote or reviewed in Mind. Wundt, Brentano, James (article ” What is Emotion?” with the theory of emotions of James, which later became James-Lange, was published there), Fechner, Freud, Lombroso-not by nightfall will be remembered-and many others.

    An essay of an earlier era can be found in the excellent book by Vadim Vasiliev: https://www.livelib.ru/book/1000658346-filosofskaya-psihologiya-v-epohu-prosvescheniya-vadim-vasilev

    And the Mind archives are all available for free, so if you read in English, then you can easily run through all this border time, it immediately rises before your eyes. One of Ben's books in Russian was also published. (P.S. I do not explain the terms, because I understand that you, as a professional, know perfectly well what is what, better than me)

  2. Philosophical psychology exists at the moment and is not an ancient science. Therefore, I give you two definitions – philosophical psychology and history of psychology.

    Philosophical psychology – a comprehensive study of the human ” psyche “(other-Greek. – soul) and personality, based on a combination of empirical, clinical and theoretical approaches. This discipline combines elements of philosophical anthropology and theological anthropology, including the ethical and religious traditions underlying these forms of knowledge. Philosophical psychology is developed by the 24th division of the American Psychological Association, which was established in 1963 and currently has more than 500 members, under the name “Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology”. Within the framework of this discipline, psychological theories are studied and discussed, as well as issues related to the interaction of science and philosophy. Department 24 of the APA includes representatives of a wide variety of psychological subdisciplines. They share an interest in the philosophy of science and psychology. The Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology publishes its own scientific quarterly journal called The Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. Publications in this journal cover ontological, epistemological, ethical, and critical topics within psychology. Issues related to the interaction of philosophy and psychological science are also covered in the interdisciplinary journal ” Philosophical Psychology “(published 6 times a year). In addition to psychologists and philosophers, its authors and readers are linguists, biologists, sociologists, anthropologists, psychiatrists, computer scientists and neuroscientists.

    History of psychology

    — The first scientific ideas about the psyche arose in the ancient world (India, China, Egypt, Babylon, Greece, Georgia) in the depths of philosophy, in contrast to the religious dogma of the soul as a special entity, externally and randomly connected with the body. The development of these ideas was stimulated by the demands of social practice, treatment and education. Ancient doctors established that the organ of the psyche is the brain, and developed the doctrine of temperaments. This natural science direction was closely connected with the view of the human soul as material (fire, air, etc.). P.) a particle of the cosmos moving according to its own eternal and inescapable laws. In idealistic concepts, the soul was opposed to the body and recognized as immortal. The pinnacle of psychology in the period of antiquity was the teaching of Aristotle (treatises “On the soul”, “On the origin of animals”, etc.), in which the soul is interpreted as a form of organization of a material body capable of life (and not as a substance or disembodied entity). He outlined the first system of psychological concepts developed on the basis of objective and genetic methods. In the Hellenistic period, from the principle of life as a whole, the soul becomes the principle of only certain of its manifestations: the psychic is separated from the general biological. During the feudal era, the development of positive knowledge about the psyche slowed down dramatically, but did not stop. Progressive doctors and thinkers of the Arabic-speaking world (Ibn Sina, Ibn al-Haytham, Ibn Roshd, etc.) prepared with their ideas the subsequent flourishing of natural science psychology in Western Europe, where with the birth of capitalism, the desire to explore man experimentally as a natural being whose behavior obeys natural laws is strengthened (Leonardo da Vinci, H. L. Vives, H. Huarte, etc.). In the era of bourgeois revolutions and the triumph of a new materialist worldview, a fundamentally new approach to mental activity is emerging, which is now explained and studied from the standpoint of the strictest determinism. Socio-economic transformations led to the progress of psychological thinking, which was enriched in the XVII century by a number of fundamental categories. R. Descartes discovers the reflex nature of behavior (see reflex), and transforms the concept of the soul into a non-theological concept of consciousness as a direct knowledge of the subject's own mental acts. At the same time, a number of important psychological doctrines were being developed: about association as a natural connection of mental phenomena, determined by the connection of bodily phenomena (p. Descartes, T. Hobbes), on affects (B. Spinoza), on apperception and the unconscious (G. Leibniz), on the origin of knowledge from individual sensory experience (J. Locke). The specific scientific development of the association principle by the English physician D. Hartley made this principle the main explanatory concept of psychology for a century and a half. The psychological ideas of D. Diderot, M. V. Lomonosov, and A. N. Tolstoy are developed in line with the materialist worldview. Radishchev and other progressive thinkers. In the 19th century, experimental methods for studying mental functions appeared in the depths of physiology and the first attempts were made to introduce quantitative estimates into the analysis of these functions (E. G. Weber, G. T. Fechner, G. Helmholtz, etc.). Darwinism showed the need to study mental functions as a real factor in the development of biological systems. In the 70s and 80s of the 19th century, psychology became an independent field of knowledge (different from philosophy and physiology). Special experimental laboratories become the main centers of its development. The first of them was organized by W. Wundt (Leipzig, 1879). This year is considered to be the birth of psychology as an independent science, which separated from philosophy.

    I hope that this information from dictionaries will give you the necessary authors.

  3. Psychology was not separated from philosophy. If only because I never joined it…))

    Philosophy and mathematics are two operational sciences, with the help of which it is easy to explain all the others: at the same time, they do not have their own subject. Mathematics provides a digital apparatus for this, while philosophy provides a verbal one.

    That is, with the help of philosophy, many psychological postulates are explained quite simply…

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