- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
In accordance with the implicit (folk) theory, which also has philosophical roots (objectivism), objectivity is an impartial, cold study of the subject, devoid of emotions, interests and values of the observer (the so – called Divine Vision, the ideal of which was long considered mathematical truths, for example). Divine vision is a direct reflection of the categories of reality in the categories of the human mind, and to know something is to have such a vision. However, such objectivity is impossible and this conclusion is drawn from empirical research in cognitive science (Lakoff, Johnson), since our knowledge is mediated and limited by our body and its functioning in a physical and social context. Does this mean that objectivity is impossible in principle? Not at all.
Scientific concepts of how a person knows himself and the world around him (experimentalism) claim that there is a pre-conceptual experience, basic concepts based on it, and even more abstract concepts derived from the basic ones in a metaphorical way and some others. Then to think objectively is
To put it very simply, subjective perception is an emotional experience, and objective perception is an emotionless observation.
When we perceive something (someone) subjectively, that is, through our emotions and interest, we understand and evaluate only from our emotional position. So we see everything biased, on the one hand.
In order to understand something (someone) objectively, you need to learn to perceive information as if from the outside, without emotions, from the position of an observer, not a participant. Then different sides of the same event (person) are revealed.
This means that to be a materialist, that is, to think on the basis of something material. However, I will say right away that the human body, or rather the receptors of the human body, can not recognize everything, touch, smell, see, etc. For example, thoughts.
You can replace it with the term “real or sensible. Whatever you like best.
A person who thinks objectively, then evaluates the situation as it really is. I see, relatively speaking, an object and think about it really without idiocies and fantasies.
Although there are several concepts of objectivity. Open the explanatory dictionary.
I would summarize it all as-no fiction.
This means that a person's thoughts about the” things ” of objective reality and their interrelations fully correspond to those “as they are” in reality. Verification of objectivity is carried out by” independent verification “in the experiment/experiment (including”instrument”). No emotions, the number of like-minded people, or any rules or criteria help or interfere with checking the reality of a person's thinking in practice.
As a rule, objective thinking is strictly concrete, i.e. it fully corresponds to the facts of reality (neither abstractions nor hypotheses can pass the reality test, because a priori they already have “deviations” from the specifics of objective reality). But most often, lovers of arbitrary abstract ideas and hypotheses like to argue about the “objectivity” (and even “truth”) of their ideas about the world. Criteria can again be invented for this purpose as much as you like and argue at least until the “end of the world” with a variable result (although it is obviously clear, from their origin, that any fictions, generalizations and conjectures are always strictly “subjective”).
Only concrete thinking based strictly on the facts of reality can really be objective. Any deviation (even the smallest “generalization” inevitably leads to subjectivity of thinking). Only a “direct perception” of reality can be objective (neither theories, hypotheses, or teachings of any kind “suffer” from objectivity). Any “point of view” (as a representation of the human mind about something) is always subjective (objective thinking avoids any “points of view”, considering everything that exists strictly according to the fact “as it is”). Now such thinking is extremely rare (due to the dominance of the mass of unreliable information circulating among people).
That is what it means, generically within the framework of a mental representation. For example, take the concept of a person, we mean a species, regardless of any ethnic, racial, religious or other individual preferences that were formed by the environment during development in it. Thinking objectively means being able to find similarities, parallels, differences, and other patterns in our world. Take our planet, on the scale of a star system, a person, people and other inhabitants from an objective point of view do not exist, they are a planet, this planetary abstraction. Just as there is no star system on the scale of a galaxy, there is only a galaxy. And the ability to see these transitions and separations of abstractions is objectivity. When subjectivity is enclosed in itself-a person is the center of the universe, a planet is only a planet, we will not talk about the stars, they are the coolest! And the subject does not understand that it is only a part… a continuation of something bigger. As a taxpayer in the state, he is always indignant, from his subjective point of view, he does not understand what his taxes are going to, and this money is more important and necessary for his own needs.:))
To think objectively means to put yourself above the situation, evaluate the actions of others and understand their motives, why they acted this way and not otherwise, what motivated them ? What actions were taken by the opposite side? Were these actions adequate to the situation? To think objectively means to evaluate the actions of two parties-the author and the opponent.