5 Answers

  1. Hm. I would call it social and educational psychology. IN GENERAL, it is clumsy, because pedagogy is still by definition about children; and “social pedagogy” has different meanings…

    But let me explain.�

    Today, a practical psychologist who works with real people, even in groups, even with families or individually, is very much engaged in EDUCATION. Training!! In general, basic things!!

    Gestalt therapists – 100% the same, although it is tricky to reverse, explaining to themselves and clients that they do not, do not teach. Cognitive scientists – straight and biting. And God bless him!

    We teach adults some things that are at the level of hygiene: both in terms of simplicity and obligation. And they can give the same breakthrough for happiness, normal relations between people, as hygiene did in medicine.

    How aggressive advertising of Pepsodent in the early 20th century taught Americans to brush their teeth regularly and completely changed the state of the oral cavity of an entire nation (recently an example from the book “The Power of Habit” by Charles Duhigg was impressive).

    And when I give models, techniques, and algorithms in training sessions or in personal consultations, I don't care 1000 times which school of psychology each of them is from. I can name it, but it doesn't matter. The important thing is that they are technologically advanced and efficient.�

    And-yes, OF COURSE, working with clients is not limited to teaching them how to influence themselves and other people. But this is the part without which for me psychology would turn into a parody, a false-minded fraud.

  2. If the question is about “like”, regardless of any applicability of the approach in practical psychotherapy, then existential psychology 🙂

    Exactly like it I read it to me with pleasure, and I constantly discover some new facets of existential questions (they are existential because they are universal and non-aging). Recently I read, for example, Yalom's “Looking into the Sun” – as if I hadn't read this book many years ago, completely fresh feelings.

  3. For myself, I realized that in my specialty, the medical part of it plays a big role, but even if you conduct treatment exclusively with medicines, you can achieve the goal much faster and more effectively using psychotherapy techniques. And psychotherapy comes from psychology. I chose several main directions for myself. The most important ones for me are hypnosis and NLP. Even using the principle of “pure language “(acting on the metamodel of NLP language) can significantly help the patient, because many difficulties arise only because of our attitude to them, when we consciously put obstacles in our way. This is what helps me in my work and self-development.

  4. I really like existential psychotherapy. It is based on the idea that a person has three main internal conflicts/fears: the inevitability of death (the main problem), freedom (and the resulting responsibility) and the meaninglessness of existence.

    From these three problems, according to existentialist therapists, all our neuroses grow. And it is better not to avoid depressing thoughts about death, but to face them: and although death itself destroys us, the awareness of death can save us (Though the physicality of death destroys us, the idea of death may save us), says Yalom.

    Best of all, for my taste, Irwin Yalom writes about this.

    Then there is Viktor Frankl, one of the founders of this movement. An iconic figure, and his book “Man in Search of Meaning” is legendary.

    Karen Horney, not exactly an existentialist, but first of all, it is often referred to by Yalom, and secondly, she has a wonderful book “Introspection”, from which you can learn how to get to know yourself better.

  5. On Psychology:

    1. Psychoanalysis – that we are the grandfather Freud bequeathed, not held by us, which left us with a set of our personality traits: the conscious and the unconscious, �aspects of personality (ID, Ego, Super-Ego), questions libido, sexual instinct, the instinct of life, death instinct, the pleasure principle, the reality principle, what is the Oedipus complex and the Electra complex, etc.

    As well as the protective mechanisms of the psyche: substitution, compensation, sublimation, rationalization, regression, and others.

    Understanding these concepts helps you understand yourself.

    1. Gelstattpsychology. The direction focuses on the questions of explaining perception, thinking, and personality. I wrote about it here, plus what it is important for:�

    What is Gestalt Psychology in simple words?

    1. Humanistic psychology. The discipline also examines the study of personality, but from a different angle – through the prism of Maslow's needs, through the attitude to creativity, the character of views on the world around us. Humanistic psychology also addresses the following issues:�

    A crisis of values is the predominance of pessimistic moods when traditional values are overestimated, as a result of which the worldview changes

    Loneliness. Problems with establishing a close relationship, then the resulting feeling of loneliness. If earlier the leading mechanism for getting rid of loneliness was to merge with a social group, now there are so many groups that belonging to them is fraught with the division of the Self into separate fragments. Nowadays, loneliness sometimes haunts a person all his life and forces him to seek close relationships with other people, help and understanding from them. This task, however, is complicated by the awareness of external forces beyond the control of a person, which also deprive him of power over himself.

    The identity problem.Relentless questions about “Who am I?” and “What am I aiming for? – a complex topic that simultaneously concerns psychological and philosophical concepts. This is also the main task of humanistic psychology-to reveal the values that a person aspires to by nature and the implementation of which best contributes to the realization of the potentials and needs inherent in a person. Discovering these values is the basis for self-identification.

    The problem of authority. Although this problem was highlighted in the 60s with the so-called “generation gap” problem, when the younger generation denied the values of the older one, but in fact it existed for a long time (just remember the work “Fathers and Sons” by Turgenev). I think that the problem is based on the individual, respectively on the step of the Maslow pyramid-the need for prestige and taking a certain place in society. Everyone needs recognition.

    The problem of meaning.Another question that is closely intertwined with philosophy. It is important for us to have a meaningful life and understand that we do not exist in the world for nothing. The meaning of life is different for everyone – the truth is as old as the world. But to come to the certainty of life is the task of humanistic psychology. The search for meaning often turns into frustration, fatigue, depression, and a situation where a person embarks on all sorts of serious things. When a person finds meaning , they become more successful. He knows in what life trajectory he should move.

    1. Theory of relations.
      We know the well-known fact that the human person is a biosocial being. When going through the stages of development of your personality, it is not enough to rely, for example, only on psychoanalysis and get to know yourself. We live among different people, with different psychotypes and temperaments, with different attitudes and worldviews. Finding contact and compromise is an important aspect of development. Building a harmonious relationship is the key to a person's success.

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