2 Answers

  1. I haven't read the once-beloved philosopher for many years, so I had to use Google to refresh my memory.

    Dionysianism is a key concept of the whole Nietzschean philosophy, he somehow revolves his thought around this idea from the first to the last work. The first is “The Birth of Tragedy from the spirit of music”, which is more philological than philosophical (Nietzsche is a philologist by training), and it formulates the key, in Nietzsche's opinion, dichotomy of Greek and, through it, all further European culture – Dionysus and Apollo. Dionysus represents the thirst for life, raw vitality, feeling, the present moment. Apollo is pure reason, logic, comprehension, reasonableness, and thus completely opposed to life in the Nietzschean sense. This reason proclaims a higher, true meaning and values of life that are designed to justify it, which is a lie, because, according to Nietzsche, there are no values and meaning except what we affirm ourselves. Values are set by the will, not outside.

    His last book, written on the verge of insanity, ends with the words ” Поняли-Do you understand me? “Dionysus versus the Crucified.”.. “, �which allows you to assess the importance of this topic for him.

    The draft epigraph for the fourth book of “Fun Science” reads as follows::

    A book? No: what's the use of books?
    In these slags of dead migs!
    Only the past is their procuress:
    Here is the eternal Today.

    A book? No: what's the use of books?
    In the sarcophagi of dead migs!
    This is a will, a promise,
    This is the burning of all bridges,
    Sudden breeze, dropped anchor,
    Noise of wheels, one attack.
    In the white smoke of the cannons roar,
    Monsters of the sea laugh!

    It fully conveys the spirit of the philosophy that Nietzsche derived from the above dichotomy-the philosophy of positive, life-affirming, irrational, volitional. Nietzsche believed that first Socrates, and then Christianity, armed with his ideas, completely banished the Dionysian spirit from life, and it was this distortion that Nietzsche considered it necessary to correct by returning Dionysus to his place.

    For Nietzsche, the cultural Apollonian principle means alienation from nature (true reality), the killing of one's instincts, and the voluntary castration of the will to live. In Dionysusism, however, there is a reunion of man with man and with nature on the basis of going beyond the limits of individuality into a collective (impersonal) state of consciousness, a state of unity with everything that exists. Nietzsche writes: “Under the spell of Dionysus, not only is the union of man with man once again closed, but alienated, hostile, and enslaved nature itself is once again celebrating the feast of reconciliation with its prodigal son, man.”

    Nietzsche's key ideas stem from Dionysianism. Eternal return means that we must live the present day as if it were only there, over and over again, the reassessment of all values must be carried out precisely from the falsity of the existence of a higher, rationally comprehensible meaning, the superman is the one who asserts his values instead of submitting to the false, the one whose will is so strong that it can replace the lies of reason, Nihilism, which Nietzsche predicts is a dangerous approach , is the Apollonian man's reaction to the fact that reason can no longer maintain faith in a higher meaning, and his will has been weakened by centuries of inaction and can no longer affirm anything.

  2. DIONYSIA-in Ancient Greece, this is the holiday of the god of winemaking Dionysus ( Bacchus, Bacchus). It was one of the main Greek holidays from April 25 to May 1, accompanied by fun processions, dancing, singing, recitation of poems, and most importantly-unrestrained drunkenness. Hence “Dionysianism”, i.e. unbridled behavior, drunkenness, debauchery, yelling obscene songs, breaking windows and fighting with neighbors.

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