5 Answers

  1. Split personality is a rare pathology. It's easy enough to imagine what's going on in your head:

    Imagine that you are, this is you. You are an 18-year-old male, straight Muslim. Love your mother, motherland and borscht. You have friends, hobbies, and interests.

    Then, at one point, another personality turns on, a 55-year-old woman, still a berry at heart, a Buddhist and a hippie in her youth. And she has her own tastes and reactions.

    Once on TV there was a series: Zaitsev +1-this is a clear example of a split personality.�

    This happens at a time when a person cannot survive too strong emotions, for example, violence or the loss of a loved one (death) at an early age. A protective mechanism is activated, that this happens as if not with him. And if you often cause such a reaction , then the second personality can strengthen as a separate one, which will later show us such a picture as a split personality.

  2. I recently interviewed a young man with dissociative identity disorder. Once his consciousness “split” into four parts (there were prerequisites), with different characters, vision of the world, behavior, and so on. To answer your question, very briefly… imagine that your head is occupied by other people depending on the situation. I would like to answer more fully, but I have not yet transcribed the interview recording into text format. So I say that I remember, so as not to lie too much.

    If you are really interested, there is a book “SCHEMA THERAPY” by Jeffrey Young, Janet Klosko and�Marjorie Weishaar. I don't know if it was published in Russian, but it's available online in English. It describes a new approach to the very concept of personality disorders. I will briefly describe the essence: there is a segment with the ends “A” and”B”. At point ” A ” is a reference person, without any psycho-problems, but existing, most likely, only in theory. At point B is Billy Milligan. And on the segment itself, between A and B, all of humanity is scattered. Someone is closer to Milligan, someone to a healthy theoretical person. People with borderline personality disorder, according to this theory, are just in the middle of the segment.

    P.S. In general, all healthy people have three subpersonalities – “adult”, “parent”and “child”. But this is already the ghetto of theoretical psychiatry.

  3. Things can happen in different ways. This depends on the REASON. There may be mental illnesses caused by stress, depression, or shock. For example, the most famous person with this disease – Billy Milligan – had a dozen of these bifurcations. And each individual had his own character, history, and habits.

    But about one more reason of. psychiatry and does not want to hear. In addition to psycho-neurological factors, the split personality is caused by the presence of inorganic substances (entities) in the human aura/biofield. It is when you move in that the so-called” obsession ” appears, sudden cravings for various sexual perversions and other things that deal with low-frequency energies, which these entities feed on, and the person is used as a kind of provider or donor. Usually, when you move in, the entity takes full control of your thoughts and body.

    Unfortunately, before understanding this, modern psychiatry is still nagging and nagging.: (

  4. I'll add my “5 kopecks”. When I was studying at the psychology department, a teacher, whom I have no reason to disbelieve, told us that “split personality” is a diagnosis made up by filmmakers, but in practice this does not occur. For cinema, “bifurcation” is really a godsend, so many different plot developments can be imagined around this. For my own part, I can say that in special altered states of consciousness, the behavior and feeling of oneself as a person can really be radically different, so much so that others will perceive it as two different people. But still, it will be the same person. It's just that in one state it is active, and in the other it is very passive, and it goes with the flow. At a glance, you can read about the active state, for example, it can be understood as a “streaming state”.

  5. As the doctor said in the famous film-the head is a dark object and cannot be investigated. By and large, we do not know what is going on in the head of an ordinary “unitary” citizen, and when he is also “bifurcated”, we can only throw up our hands and retreat before the riddle of impossible complexity.

    Split personality / consciousness is an outdated term that is not used in modern psychiatry. Currently, the diagnostic definitions used are “multiple personality disorder” (RML in ICD10, DSM before the 4th revision), ” disociated identity disorder “(RDI, starting with DSM-IV). The main etiological factor of this disorder is chronic mental trauma of early childhood in the context of relationships with significant adults. As a rule, these are sexual abuse of an incestuous nature, systematic savage physical violence, bullying, extreme need, prolonged stay in a war zone, or ethnic armed conflicts.

    In Russia, perhaps, if this diagnosis is made officially, it is extremely rare. The psychotherapy community is another matter. Among the so-called “non-medical” psychotherapists, confident statements about interviewing and treating patients with this dissociative disorder appear from time to time. The reliability of the diagnosis in these cases is very doubtful. Most often, it seems that these are patients not with RML/RDI, but with narcissistic or scenic (histrionic) personality disorder and borderline personal organization, who have accepted the mythology of disociated identity in the form in which it is conveyed by film production, and who lose these stories in a relationship with a psychotherapist.

    In the specialized literature devoted to RML/RDI, it is customary to use the terms alter-personality and personal system. The personality system is a collection of all the alter personalities of an individual with this disorder. The behavior and mental processes of people with RML / RDI depend on which alter personality dominates at the moment. Many types of alter personalities are described. For example, if a child's alter personality dominates, behavior, cognitive and emotional processes will correspond to the age of this alter personality. Cases have been described in which children's alter personalities under the age of one year have taken control of behavior in patients with this disorder. As a rule, in the personal system of these patients there are alter-personalities whose gender identity differs from the biological gender of the patient. That is why in Western countries, those who apply for gender reassignment surgery are necessarily checked for the presence of this disorder. One of the most problematic types of alter personalities is the so-called stalking personalities. These alter personalities accumulate the aggression of the individual and direct it against any one alter personality or group of alter personalities. The reasons for this can be different: starting from identification with the rapist and up to some special life conflicts of this patient. The hatred of the persecuting personalities can be expressed in the desire to kill another alter-personality. And this internal “homicide” may outwardly look like suicide attempts. Stalking personalities often create crisis, dangerous situations in the life of a patient with RML/RDI, and are also responsible for treatment failures.

    In conclusion, I would like to note that almost all films about patients with RDI present a distorted – most often strongly – picture of this disorder. So, regarding the recently released film “Split”, the international organization for the study of mental trauma and dissociative disorders even issued a special release condemning the extremely negative image of a patient with RDI created by the authors of this work. From the literature, I would recommend the books of Van der Hart and his colleagues, Frank Putnam and Flora Schreiber.

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