2 Answers

  1. Selective – the word itself means “selective”, “selective”.

    Perhaps your question is within the framework of a certain specific psychological model, where this expression is somehow used , then you need to understand the whole context for the answer: what kind of model, what definitions it uses, etc.

    This is how, for example, the term “trauma” without mentioning the context at all is more likely to be perceived as a physical injury, in the context of psychology it is more likely to be perceived as a mental trauma, but also in the context of different psychological approaches in completely different ways. A clinical psychologist will think about PTSD with clear symptoms and diagnostic criteria, but with a psychoanalytic focus-something about the fact that, for example, the baby was not approached for a long time, and he has, for example, “preverbal trauma”, prosthospodi. And the pop psychologist will think here about the fact that everyone has injuries, right at everyone, and a lot.

    In general, human perception is inherently selective. Simply because there is too much information coming in per unit of time. For example, here I sit, writing this text, and do not pay attention to the tactile sensations from touching the fabric of my trousers to my skin. But I pay attention to the sounds of the piano in the next room, where my wife is practicing. This is selective perception: I notice some of the incoming information, and some don't.

    Jungian synchronism, for example, is partly based on this: when you start to get interested in a topic, it can start to “climb out of all the cracks”.

    As a teenager, I read about impressionism, it was interesting, and at once I come across TV shows about it, postcards,newspaper articles, etc. There is no mysticism here: everything was already around, it's just that now I began to single out this information for myself from the huge array that is around.

    Well, when a person sees only information that confirms his idea that the Earth is flat, or that his favorite political figure has outplayed everyone-yes, this is also the same normal human selectivity of perception, the “perception filter”)

  2. I can only repeat: selectivity (anything) this is selectivity. Attention and perception are basically selective in nature, meaning that our brains don't perceive everything at least at one point in time and with the same intensity.

    Sometimes this term is called rather biased (distorted for some special reasons) perception, when things that are convenient for a person are perceived, and others are ignored or discredited.

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