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  1. Well, as always, we should distinguish between the degree of antiquity of times, as well as different cultures, social groups, professions, etc. of the modern world. So it is unlikely that we will deny that an Austrian accountant or an Irish decorator values the life of one individual much higher than a militant of the banned Boka Haram in Russia.
    However, in general, the life of a single person in European culture has grown significantly even in the last hundred years, not to mention thousands of years.
    So, a very significant, although not overwhelming, as some people try to imagine, part of the population of ancient Europe was slaves and was not considered people at all. In the Roman theater, extreme naturalism was welcomed – that is, when a character died , the actor was replaced by a slave and actually killed on stage.�
    Regarding the Middle Ages, historians have a grim joke that it was much more difficult to take the estate from a nobleman then than the head. And it's true. And besides, a person's life was so hard at that time that its value was relatively small.
    At least…. what to compare it with. Perhaps, oddly enough, in the Earlier Modern period (16th – 17th centuries), the price of human life fell even lower. Crowds of beggarly vagabonds, exiled during the fencing era in England, hung from poles (for vagrancy you could get the death penalty), the destruction of Novgorod by Ivan the Terrible, the Spanish rage in the Netherlands-blood flowed freely.
    But that was just a prelude. According to historians (although this calculation is VERY CONTROVERSIAL), in the 18th century, a larger percentage of the world's population died in wars (respectively for the 18th century) than in the wars of the 20th century (about 2% vs. 1.5%). And finally, all this resulted in the monstrous carnage of the First World War, which was reflected in European literature by a generation of existentialist writers. Perhaps literary critics know better here, and this is where the turning point begins. Which ends simply with a rapid rise in the price of human life in the second half of the XX century.

    Somewhere like this.

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