3 Answers

  1. An impossible utopia is only something that contradicts the Laws of Nature.

    Any invented modes/isms are quite possible-with sufficient talents and efforts of leaders – but are these modes/isms rational and optimal?. That's the only question.

  2. As befitted one of the most educated men of his time, Thomas More was well aware of the difference between the two prefixes in Greek: “u-” and “me-“. Choosing a name for his idyllic island, he decided on “U-topia” – literally: “the place that does not exist and cannot exist.” A place that doesn't exist but can be created would be called “Metopia”. Similarly, Plato draws the line between absolute and relative non-existence: “ukon” is, for example, infertility, while “mekon” is just the absence of pregnancy. Sociology therefore tries to distinguish between two types of utopias: epistemic (thought experiments) and ontological (projects aimed at transforming the social order).

    History knows many attempts to implement utopian projects. Tommaso Campanella doesn't just write “City of the Sun” – he participates in an anti-Spanish conspiracy to put his project into practice. The plot failed and Campanella's real involvement in it could not be proved. But after the birth of Louis XIV, Campanella bequeaths the future Sun King to build a” City of the Sun ” on a global scale. �

    Etienne Cabet, unlike Mohr, writes his “Journey to Ikaria” as a guide to action. This is a very applied utopia. And in 1847, the author buys land in Texas to establish a colony there in the image and likeness of the Ikaria he invented. When the attempt failed due to economic difficulties, he tries again – in Illinois. And the second colony is also falling apart, but not because of economic problems, but because of social problems: students accuse Kabe of dictatorial habits, disregard for their own ideals, and, ultimately, expel him from his own school.

    These are just two examples. But it's also worth remembering that many utopian projects eventually came to fruition-although none of them came to fruition as intended. For example, the modern state of Israel is based on the image created by the founder of political Zionism, Theodor Herzl, in the utopian novel “Altneuland” (“Old New Land”).

    As for the connection between “utopias as thought experiments” and “utopias as political projects,” see here and here for more details.

  3. Utopia is something that will not exist in nature a priori. Thomas More wrote the book “Utopia”, which vividly presented the utopian society on the island, sometimes the book can be called” Utopian Communism”, but the embodiment, you can guess for yourself…The USSR, where both socialism and communism went on and on, and never reached, both systems assumed equality for all peoples and residents, and we are now facing a “utopia” – Who will ensure equality? How can we make this system viable? And here we come across the answer that someone should be at the helm, someone should lead, distribute, and the one who leads, and distributes, is already a step higher than the average resident,which means it is no longer correct to talk about equality.

Leave a Reply