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  1. The word cadres was borrowed in French at the beginning of the XIX century during the Patriotic War of 1812. The initial scope of use is military terminology: cadres are the permanent, main body, core of a military unit.

    The content of the military term reflected the primary meaning of the word. The French word cadres from the Italian quadro-frames from quadrum-square. Frame – framing, frame. The frame is what stabilizes, shapes, and defines integrity.

    The word takes on a civil meaning in the Soviet era. Cadres are now not only the command and ordinary staff of the armed forces, but also the main (full-time) staff of qualified employees of enterprises, state educational institutions, and public organizations.

    Cadres in Soviet times are employees of a particular branch of activity, production. For example, construction personnel, engineering personnel, and senior scientific personnel. Human resources departments are being formed in enterprises. A profession appears – personnel officer. The personnel policy is being formed. J. V. Stalin's words “cadres decide everything” become widely known.

    In the post-Soviet era, the concept of “personnel” is actively replaced by the concept of “personnel”, the concept of “personnel officer” – the concept of personnel manager.

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