- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Aesthetics divides things and events according to the criterion of “beautiful” and “not beautiful” – and this is a much more accurate and perfect criterion than “bad” and “good” or any other rating categories. They are too dependent on the era, the social system, the prevailing ideology and the system of education – and aesthetics is outside of these conventions. Beauty is easier to define than truth or goodness.
That is why people in all ages have tended to seek and find beauty, even in socially unacceptable and morally condemned phenomena, as did, say, Wilde or Baudelaire.
One of the best ways to answer this question is toPyramid of NeedsBy Abraham Maslow. The needs pyramid reflects one of the most popular and well-known theories of motivation.
Maslow distributed the needs in increasing order, explaining this construction by the fact that a person cannot experience high-level needs while he needs more primitive things. �It is based on physiology (satisfying hunger, thirst, sexual needs, etc.). A step higher is the need for security, and above it is the need for affection and love, as well as for belonging to a social group. The next stage is the need for respect and approval, over which Maslow put the following criteria:(thirst for knowledge, the desire to perceive as much information as possible).cognitive needs What follows is the same need for aesthetics(the desire to harmonize life, to fill it with beauty, art). And finally, the last step of the pyramid, the highest, is the desire to reveal the inner potential (it is self-actualization).
Maslow was well aware that the satisfaction of primitive physiological needs is the foundation of the basics. In his view, the ideal happy society is primarily a society of well-fed people who have no reason for fear or anxiety. If a person, for example, constantly lacks food, it is unlikely that he will be in dire need of love. However, a person who is overwhelmed with love experiences still needs food, and regularly (even if romance novels claim the opposite). By satiety, Maslow meant not only the absence of food interruptions, but also enough water, oxygen, sleep and sex.
As lower-level needs are met, higher-level needs become increasingly relevant. Also, the needs are not in an unbroken sequence and do not have fixed positions, as shown in the diagram. This pattern occurs as the most stable, but the mutual arrangement of needs may vary for different people.
An aesthetic need provides a transcendental experience. In simple terms, it gives you a break from reality, where everything is very real and causal. The brain gets tired of this constant obsession and wants to create some images or observe some images. And to do this, you need to “disconnect”even a little.
A person returns to reality already “refreshed”, he has a little rest from the usual, “changed the situation” and reality again seems interesting and uncluttered.
This is how I see it in a few sentences, but the topic is of course endless.