5 Answers

  1. In biology, this is called reciprocal altruism, and it occurs in almost all social animals. This is the logic of “you to me-I to you”, “an eye for an eye”, without it, egoists capture the population.

    It is expressed not only in a sense of justice and a desire to punish the offender, but also in gratitude, love to gossip, subconscious background dislike for someone who is very different from the majority.

    Read about it, for example, in Dawkins. Or Markov's. A classic of sociobiology is Edward Wilson, “Sociobiology: The New Synthesis” (1975).

    See also visualization of the prisoner's dilemma in game theory: https://notdotteam.github.io/trust/#

    Depending on the set of external conditions, selfishness, justice, or moderate charity can be a profitable strategy.You can calculate on a piece of paper when which one is best. And evolution also counts, only slowly and by touch. As a result, we have what we have.

  2. The desire to control your life, your future.

    If the world is fair, then at least some predictability, at least something depends on me. If I behave well, according to some rules, then everything will be fine in my life. “Fair enough.

    And if it is unfair, there is a lot of anxiety, even despair. It turns out that we can control something, but if you want to make God laugh, tell him about your plans. It takes a lot of courage to accept such a real, unfair and indifferent world to you personally. And learn to be happy in SUCH a world, and create close relationships in SUCH a world.

    It is very comforting to believe in the justice of the world. Well, not right now. Well, even in the next world. He will come, judge, and reward and punish everyone. And then everything will count for everything. And my good correct behavior will be credited to me. And then – I control my life and manage it. Don't deprive me of this faith!!.

    Hence, by the way, an interesting and creepy consequence. Out of a wild desire for the world to be-really-already-arranged-fairly, when an unjust misfortune happens to someone, people tend to blame the victims themselves.

    That is, the rape victim is “to blame”, there was no need to go there/then/in so-and-so.�

    Political prisoners on Bolotnaya Square are “to blame”, there was nothing to resist when they and people nearby were beaten with batons, and in general to go and protest.

    Etc., etc. This is not out of malice or stupidity, it is 80 percent a way to protect yourself from this very horror that can rape, and imprison, and kill people who are not guilty of anything, who just live like you and me. So this can happen to ME too?!. – NOOO, the world is fair, I do everything right, nothing will touch me, because the world is fair, isn't it?! “and they – they themselves! Do it yourself! Do it yourself! They were behaving incorrectly! And they were treated fairly! They asked for it! Well, maybe too much , but what were they hoping for anyway?

    HERE I AM BEHAVING CORRECTLY. And since the world is fair, I'LL BE FINE.

    Well, and “cherry”, – recently in one answer I gave a link:


  3. For men are created in the image of God (Genesis Chapter 1 verse 27), who finds joy in justice, as it is written: “But he who boasts, boast that he understands and knows Me, that I am the Lord, who works mercy, judgment, and righteousness on earth; for this alone pleases Me, says the Lord.” (Jeremiah chapter 9 verse 24). Justice is an integral part of God's essence, and therefore, even in ancient times, God's servants sang of His righteousness, judgment, and mercy (Psalm 32: 5 and Psalm 36: 28). There is a lot of emphasis on justice in the Bible. The Prophet Amos called: “Let justice flow like water, and righteousness like an inexhaustible stream”(chapter 5 verse 24). And Micah, when reflecting on our responsibilities, wrote:,, O man! You have been told what is good and what the Lord requires of you: to act justly, to love works of mercy, and to walk humbly before your God (chapter 6 verse 8). God taught us to act fairly in all areas of life, in business and financial matters, including everyday life. Today, we have a complete Bible and can gain a broad understanding of God's ways and the manifestation of His qualities ,including perfect justice. Why should we strive for justice? The prophet Zephaniah calls: “Seek the Lord, all the humble of the earth, who keep his laws; seek righteousness, seek humility; it may be that you will be hidden in the day of the Lord's wrath.” (Chapter 2 verse 3)

  4. To the above, we can add that this feeling is inherent not only in a person. Experiments on primates prove this. For example, brown capuchins can go on strike if they or their relatives are treated unfairly(experiments are easily Googled). So, there is certainly an evolutionary component to this phenomenon.

  5. With all due respect, Eugene's answer is past the checkout. The question of the nature of the sense of justice is fully answered by evolutionary biology. In short, it is a mechanism for regulating a number of intraspecific interactions, such as altruism for example.

    If in detail, then Robert Wright “The Moral Animal”.

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