2 Answers

  1. The answer can be found in the same Soviet philosophical dictionary (for example, ed. Rosenthal and Yudin, 1963):

    Voluntarism is an idealistic trend in philosophy and psychology that considers the will as the primary basis of the world, opposes it to the objective laws of nature and society, and denies the conditionality of the human will by the environment.

    Schopenhauer and Nietzsche were considered classic examples of voluntarists in Soviet literature. Some aspects of Soviet interpretations of Nietzsche's work, however, could be disputed; but there is no doubt that the concept of “will” plays a great role in Nietzsche's work.

    Everything that feels suffers in me and is in prison; but my will always comes to me as a liberator and a messenger of joy. Will liberates: This is the true teaching of will and freedom, as Zarathustra teaches you.

  2. Because in Nietzsche's philosophy, there is no priority for anything other than the individual will to power.
    Nietzsche is most inclined to nihilism and anarchic individualism.
    Both are explicit and clearly volutarist .

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