9 Answers

  1. At the Battle of Waterloo, Wellington's Allied forces were all but doomed by 1600 hours, because Napoleon had crushed the center and captured two strategic villages on the flanks. The outcome of the battle could be decided either by the French corps of Marshal Grouchy, or by the Prussian units of Blucher and Bulow, who were rummaging through the nearby Parisian forest near the town of Wavre, because they initially had the goal of stopping each other. As it turns out, the Parisian forest was quite gloomy and impenetrable. At 16: 00, Grouchy received a letter from Napoleon, sent at 10: 00, where he ordered the battle to begin with the Prussians at Wavre. Sent by Napoleon at 13.30, Grusha's letter with an order to go urgently to him in Waterloo reached the addressee at 17.00, while the messenger was wandering. At this time, part of the Prussian army had already begun to shell Pears, and the main forces of Blucher… as you might have guessed, they got lost in the woods. On the field at Waterloo, they were led out by a local boy who happened to meet them in the woods (probably not by chance: he could have come running to see the soldiers, or set up poaching snares, or something else). Wellington, and this is confirmed by his memoirs, has already had time to pray: “Give me Blucher or give me the night.” Napoleon, and this is confirmed by his memoirs, asked the adjutant whether the blue uniforms or the black ones of those who rode out of the forest. Black ones. “I made a big mistake,” the emperor said grimly. “We should have burned Berlin.” The results are known to everyone. What happened next to the boy, no one knows.

    The name of the first printer Johann Gutenberg became known to the general public only at the beginning of the twentieth century. He rented the printing house from his business partner, the pawnbroker Johann Fust (Faust). Which Fust pressed it out of him 5 years later, along with the machine and the clientele. From then until the beginning of the twentieth century, solemn lines about “the great undertaking of Fust, which opened the light of knowledge to people,” etc. passed from book to book.

  2. As such, we can consider non-commissioned officer Kirpichnikov (the so-called “first soldier of the February Revolution”, who was the first to kill the commander in his regiment) and Lee Harvey Oswald (the assassin of US President John F. Kennedy).

  3. It depends on what is considered power. If only political, then as much as you want. Religious leaders, scientists, and philosophers… Showbiz stars: There is no doubt that the Beatles directly influenced the hippie movement, which had macroscopic consequences.

  4. …without any authority…

    Yes, I did.

    The same Martin Luther, from whom the division into Protestantism and Catholicism went. But here's the rub : as soon as he became influential, he immediately became influential, and this is called ” power over minds.”

    And this is already “some kind of power”.

    The same list includes all the “masters of minds” from Confucius to Makarevich, who is sure that his songs influenced the collapse of the USSR.

  5. Of course, there were, in such cases, a car and a small cart. “Jeanne Darc, for example,” was generally not understand who, “toli from a peasant family,” toli from a well-to-do one. But the role it has played in the history of France is hard to underestimate. �

    Kozma Minin, the same one who was the organizer of the militia against the Poles in the time of troubles, although he is not the only one. �So little is known about Minin at all, то whether he was the son of a salt worker ,то or a butcher…. Even a lifetime portrait of him has not been preserved. The epic image of Minin and Pozharsky in the monument on Red Square is nothing more than a sculptor's invention. But Minin's role in history is very significant.�

    There are other cases.

  6. Ivan Susanin was a peasant who lived in Kostroma uyezd. In the history of Russia, he is known as the man who saved the tsar (Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov) from the Polish invaders.

  7. It depends on what exactly you mean by an ordinary person.�

    Before becoming a historical figure, this person was just an ordinary person (in most cases, if you do not take someone like Peter the Great), events just happened so that it was possible to leave a mark on history.

  8. How can a person without any power influence the course of a country's history and politics ? How?�

    Power is the ability to impose your will, control or influence other people, even against their resistance. How, without power, can one “influence,” i.e., have a conscious impact on the course of history? This is unrealistic.

    This is possible only if the person did not seek to change the course of history, but followed their own motives. That is, the motive of the act is in no way connected with the consequences. Gavrila Princip did not seek to start the First World War, and the Bouazizi merchant “burned”himself not to start the “Arab Spring”.

    Such an impact , of course, takes place. But this is a matter of chance, not a conscious choice of the hero.�

    PS. Henry Thandi.

    Born in Leamington, Warwickshire . he was orphaned early, went to an orphanage, and then worked as a stoker in one of the local hotels. On August 12, 1910, he enlisted in the Army. After completing his training, he was assigned to the 2nd Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment.He managed to take part in almost all the great battles of the First World War. He was gassed at Ypres, he ran after tanks at the Somme, he survived the mud and the meat grinder of Passchendaele, and was repeatedly wounded. Here are some examples of military exploits:

    1. On August 28, 1918, during the second Battle of Cambrai, he was commander of a reserve sapper squad and oversaw his regiment's attack on German trenches. When he saw that the attack had failed, that all the sappers had been knocked out by enemy fire, and that the men were pinned down by machine-gun and rifle fire, he ordered two men of his squad to follow him, grabbed explosive charges, and rode saiga across the field that was being shot through, running around the stretched barbed wire and jumping over craters. When he reached the German positions, he threw charges at the enemy soldiers and blew up the trench. And then a few more nearby trenches. And then he took 20 survivors, stunned and shell-shocked Germans prisoner, formed them into a column one at a time and led them back across the field under the astonished eyes of the entire regiment. The positions were taken, and the tide of battle turned in the direction of the British.

    2. Two weeks later, on September 12, when their regiment approached Avrencourt, Henry first warmed up at night, dragging wounded soldiers from the battlefield. In the morning, the regimental assault on the city began, and Henry once again raced through the bombed-out area to the enemy positions with charges under his arm, this time in proud solitude. And he blew them up again. And again odin returned, leading 27 prisoners in front of him.�

    3. September 28, Battle of Marcouin. In this battle, the main object of the British was the bridge over the canal, which was the only way to get from one bank to the other. Apparently sensing Henry's approach, the Germans had set up gun emplacements in the houses in advance and were holed up there. The vanguard, which (of course) included our hero, came under concentrated fire from several heavy machine guns and began to cling to the ground, losing fighters. Seeing this, Henry rushed forward alone, calculated the position of the enemy machine gun, ran back to his own, grabbed the crew of the English Lewis machine gun by the scruff of the neck and dragged them into the thick of it. Evidently, Henry had a bullet-repelling aura that extended to his surroundings, because the heavy fool crew had been successfully led into a marked house with a view of an enemy machine gun, and it had been suppressed. The cheers of Henry's platoon were short-lived, because as soon as they reached the coveted bridge, the Germans blew it up and opened a hurricane of fire on the attackers from their side of the river. Henry's reaction was instant. He simply ran to the middle of the bridge and began to shift the remaining planks to replace the blown-up ones, making the bridge narrower, but without gaps. When he was done, he waved to his men and ran for the German lines, hearing the clatter of his battle brothers ' boots behind him. The attack was stupid and disorganized, because in fact the British managed to occupy only a small section of the village behind the bridge, they were surrounded by the Germans and the approach of reinforcements across the bridge was cut off due to shelling. After assessing the situation and looking at the despondent faces of his colleagues, Henry fixed his bayonet, stood up to his full height and ran with a wild yell into the melee attack. The Germans could not stand it any longer and wavered. He returned from bayonetskaya twice wounded, but refused to leave his position until his fighters had completely occupied the city, and only then went to the rear, at the same time escorting 37 surrendered prisoners. Again. There he was bandaged and returned, refusing to be hospitalized.

    Late one evening on September 28, 1918, on the outskirts of Marcouin, he was in his trench, watching the sector, when he saw a German soldier who had mistakenly come directly into his line of fire.The German soldier was in a completely deplorable state. Wounded, tired, and in a dirty and tattered uniform, this soldier had clearly lost his men in the retreat and was now wandering in the dark, trying to determine his direction. He was so tired and broken that he didn't even try to hold the weapon in his hands, but dragged the carbine on the ground, holding it by the belt.The German saw Henry and froze, waiting for a shot. But Thandi held his gaze for an interminable moment, and then lowered the rifle. The German stood for a moment longer, unable to believe his luck, and then nodded his thanks and went on his way.This German soldier was lance-corporal Adolf Hitler of the Bavarian Infantry Regiment. Hitler remembered his savior and often talked about this episode after the war. �

    Henry Tandy was the most decorated private in the British Army during the First World War. For these episodes alone, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, the Military Medal for Gallantry, and the Victoria Cross (VC), the UK's highest military award for heroism in combat.

    Not surprisingly, his photo was often published. In one of the newspapers, Hitler saw this photo and recognized his savior.�To commemorate this rescue, Hitler hung a portrait of Thandi on the wall of his residence in Burchtesgaden in 1937. Actually, it was not exactly a portrait, but a copy of a painting by the Italian artist Fortunino Matagna, which depicted one of Thandi's exploits – how he carries a wounded man from the battlefield.�

    In 1938, when Prime Minister Chamberlain visited Hitler at his Alpine residence in the Berghof to discuss the upcoming Munich Agreement ,he noticed the painting and asked Hitler about it. Hitler told how the English soldier G. Thandi (he already knew his name) spared him. According to this story, Hitler asked Chamberlain to convey his best wishes and thanks to Henry Thandi, which Chamberlain did upon his return.�

    PSS. After the outbreak of World War II, Henry Tandy often publicly regretted his clemency.

  9. His name was Gavrila Princip, a poor Serbian student, no big name or authority. His shooting of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914 changed the course of world history.

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