- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Religions without the supernatural, of course, exist. This fact is the main point of criticism of the Soviet definition of religion, which, going back to the definition given by Plekhanov, used “belief in the supernatural” as the main feature of religion.
Despite the existence of such a definition, “supernatural”, as shown, for example, by E. Torchinov, is a very shaky construct. I will quote a fragment from his book ” Religions of the World. Experience of the beyond”:
Of course, there is for example “Atheism” – it is directly interpreted as the belief that there is nothing supernatural or communism, socialism, extremism – as the belief that for everything you have done, there is definitely nothing that does not wake you up or self-confidence, which in fact is extremism only in private…
Purely based on the definition of the word “religion” ( — one of the forms of public consciousness — a set of ideas based on faith in miraculous SUPERNATURAL forces and beings (gods, spirits) that are the object of worship), we can conclude that there are no such religions. This is more likely to be called a philosophical trend or something like that.
There is still a debate among sinologists and religious scholars about whether Confucianism can be considered a religion or not. If we take the first point of view, we have an excellent example of a religion without the supernatural.