8 Answers

  1. First of all, the principles of formal logic formulated by Aristotle are still the foundation of logic. Despite the fact that there are currently other systems of logic besides classical Aristotelian, Aristotelian logic, like Euclidean geometry, is still a classic and basic one.

    If we talk about natural science, then Aristotle, among other things, made some interesting observations in the field of optics, for example, one of the oldest descriptions of camera obscura and fixing the fact that the farther the surface on which the image is projected is from the camera slot, the larger the picture will be. In general, much of natural science goes back to Aristotle. For example, the term “autonomic nervous system” is rooted in Aristotle's doctrine of three kinds of souls.

    Naturally, most of Aristotle's natural science ideas turned out to be only material for further processing, but the same can be said, for example, about Newton or Copernicus. Modern physics, for example, is far from what Newton imagined, and the orbits of the planets, in the end, are not at all what Copernicus assumed.

  2. I will add the Aristotelian ethics of virtue. An ethical theory cannot be “correct” in the scientific sense; it can be relevant, rational, practical, and less vulnerable to criticism than competing theories.

    Alistair McIntyre's book After Virtue, in which he defends Aristotle's ethical theory, has sold hundreds of thousands of copies since it was published in 1981 – an absolutely unthinkable popularity for an academic philosophical work.

  3. Even those of Aristotle's theories that are now considered incorrect, on closer inspection, quite reflect reality.

    Well, here, for example, is a typical case. According to Aristotle, if no force is applied to a body, it is at rest, and if a constant force is applied, it moves at a constant speed. This of course contradicts Newtonian mechanics, but if

    1. Consider movement when there is a force of resistance to movement;

    2. Resistance to movement is not considered a force;

    3. Consider steady-state motion,

    then Aristotle is quite right and this does not contradict Newton. I am now sitting at a table that is resting. And if I start pushing it with a constant force, it will start moving at a constant speed:~).

  4. Yes, of course, Aristotle is one of the founders of modern scientific and philosophical knowledge, without these foundations we would have achieved little, and this itself confirms their truth.

    The most famous, of course, is Aristotelian logic: all computers still work on its principles.

    He also came up with the idea of Entelechy – i.e., a fixed Prime Mover.

    And a very good idea, which is confirmed in modern biology, is that there are three kinds of souls: plant, animal and intelligent.

  5. I would like to add that Aristotle's assumption about the nature of internal visual images as “vague copies” of visual sensations and that people cannot always distinguish visual images from their own internal images was attested at the beginning of the last century.

  6. If we talk about natural science, of course, it was not. But do not scold him, because there were no appropriate tools. His contribution to natural science is huge, but indirect (take the same formal logic that allows you to avoid mistakes when forming conclusions).

    He was very successful in the social sciences. The works “Rhetoric” and “Politics” are still studied at the faculties of political science. They are surprisingly relevant.

  7. Aristotelian logic has not changed for centuries, right up to Hegel (you can count how much time has passed). Are you poking around? Even before our era, my grandfather laid the foundations of logic that no one could refute, and there were no attempts to debunk him. I could open Wikipedia for a start, although this is a dubious source.

  8. Was. �Aristotle's law. Lasted >2000 years

    If you want to give the body speed, then you need to apply force. �In the absence of forces, bodies do not move. They rest. Everything is logical. Until the force is applied dick that will move. F = mv. This is Aristotle's law.

    It is still true when applied to the economy.

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