42 Answers

  1. If the whole world were the result of the activity of consciousness, surely consciousness would make it ideal for itself? There would be no suffering, no problems, no dissatisfaction. Consciousness would create for itself what it needs or wants. Why should consciousness create a world full of problems, obstacles, burdens, sorrows, pain, boredom?

  2. It is very easy to be convinced of the reality of others. They can provide you with knowledge or beliefs that you didn't have yourself.

    As you can see, the “imaginary world” around you obeys certain laws that do not depend on your will. If you jump, you will inevitably return to the surface, and so on. If the power of thought, your own will to take off does not work, then the imaginary world is independent of you. In that case, what difference does it make if it's imaginary or real? You can interact with it without any restrictions.)))

    Convinced of the independence of the imaginary world and the judgments of imaginary people, it remains only to believe in their reality)))

  3. You can be sure of that, because I personally allow you to be sure of anything. I hope this helps.

    But “the whole world and the people in it” do not really exist, and are figments of your imagination. Because I can be quite sure – and I'm sure – that you can't even describe them accurately enough. What does “the whole world” mean? What are “people” and which ones? It's just an image, and it can change.

    This does not mean, however, that there is nothing at all.)

  4. Bishop Berkeley wrote a great deal on this subject and, in fact, essentially closed it. In short, first you need to agree on what it means to “really exist” in the context of this issue. Berkeley, in order to define “real existence,” had to draw on the idea of God, in whose perception this real existence takes place. Otherwise, it makes no difference, as Berkeley proves with clever thought experiments.

  5. Why would you want to be sure of that? You can only believe in objectivity. After all, all your personal experience and all science are, perhaps, only hints of your own consciousness and subconscious about how to” make friends ” with initially uncontrolled aspects of your own inner world and how to organize them.
    However, if you want to live happily, you will still have to live like God (if we talk only about his conscious state-Being) – to consider everything “external” as your own creation, as aspects of one single reality. And the most important thing is that this will not be untrue – you still perceive everything that happens through your own consciousness, through your own reality, putting your own meaning into it. On the other hand, if you make such a choice, many things will immediately become clear: how it is to “love your neighbor as yourself”, and what “spiritual love” means, and what violence, shamelessness, and much, much more lead to.

  6. You're a figment of MY imagination, okay? If you think everyone else is a figment of your imagination, then what's the point of asking about it on this imaginary Yandex-Q? In the hope that the imaginary participants will seem to answer you something, and you will see the answer on your imaginary computer (phone, or something else)?

  7. Answer: no way, this is a hypothesis that is impossible (or at least very difficult) to confirm or refute. But why should you be sure? I'm not 100% sure, but it doesn't stop me from living. The existence of objective reality can be accepted as a good working hypothesis. If the external world really exists, then we can learn its laws and act on them.

  8. So it's very simple. When you die, there will be billions of witnesses to the fact that the world continues to be real even without your existence or imagination.

  9. Both of these versions are correct it so happens that we perceive the world through the prism of our internal processes and consciousness receives already corrected information about the world around us. For this reason, often by changing the attitude to a person (his image in ourselves), we automatically change our behavior towards him and in response the person also changes.

    On the other hand, it is strategically advantageous to believe that reality is around you. In this case, the worst thing that can happen is that you will wake up, otherwise the risks are much higher.

    on the philosophical side, you can describe the world in at least 4 ways –

    1 the world exists independently

    2 the world as a projection of someone else's consciousness.

    3 the world as a superposition of perceptions of all living beings (observers)

    4 the world as a projection of my consciousness.

    each of these points of view has its own supporters and opponents. its advantages and disadvantages.

    So initially, science was engaged in the discovery of divine laws (according to point 2 and only later moved on to point 1 – it is universal and does not require mysticism

    Points 3 and 4 – for working with consciousness

  10. You can't be sure about that. It doesn't really matter, though. As soon as you understand what reality is, such questions will stop bothering you. Reality is not what we think it is.

  11. Use all your senses to do this, testing the realism of the world and people with them. To do this, you need to look at the objects, smell them, lick them, carefully touch them, and listen to what sounds the objects under study will make during all the experiments, and at the end you need to pinch yourself to be sure that all this is happening not in a dream, but in reality…))))

  12. You can't be sure about that. And most likely, none of us really exist, and we are all a figment of your rich imagination. And that's good for us, but I don't know for you.

  13. Nature is interested in giving man a sufficiently full-fledged imagination, which is friendly with reality and underlies the struggle of man for survival and the correct knowledge of reality.

    Exceptions are inadequate disease states.

  14. What is the whole argument about?? When not and it is unlikely that there will be a CLEAR answer in the near future what is reality! There is no answer, so you can argue to the point of insanity, but is it necessary? This is from the category of UNANSWERED questions!

  15. If a person does not suffer from a mental disorder, then he perceives the world adequately, or simply put, really, that is, in accordance with the set of tools available to him for existence in the material world. These include sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. Few people can boast of having such a feeling as intuition. But there are also such people.
    Thus, if a person, excuse me for being rude, is not a clinical idiot, he lives in his body, uses his mind and does not have problems with the perception of reality.
    Another thing is that we come to this world with a different number of gifts received from our parents, as well as a whole range of specific features inherent in the people from which we came, traditions, religious beliefs, literature, cultural environment, as well as geographical and other conditions.
    A person cannot live in a fictional world. He can indulge in fantasies or daydreams. But society imposes so many obligations on him from birth that he cannot doubt their reality.
    Indeed, he must first receive a document certifying the fact of his birth. A form is immediately put on it, which contains all its physical parameters: height, weight, intelligence score on the Apgar scale (such a label that gives the child the right to be recognized as meeting certain requirements of society). Then there are documents for admission to preschool institutions, sports, educational institutions, etc.
    All this is completely real stuff in the real world for a real person!
    The inner world of an individual is his freedom. It's deep inside, and no one can ever take it away. But this is the same reality, because it is the inner, that is, the true person. It's just that a person doesn't always speak and act in freedom, but thinks and wills only in freedom! But that doesn't make them any less real, they are hidden until a certain point.
    Reality may not always be adequately perceived, but this mainly concerns the sphere of interpersonal relations. We are not able to know the true intentions of the people around us. Nevertheless, we are equipped with intelligence and sensory organs to correctly assess people's behavior and behave accordingly.
    It is necessary to use your thinking apparatus more, and not your emotions, so as not to”float in the clouds”. Then the surrounding world will open up in all its diversity and completeness. And people need to be evaluated based on their actions, so there will be less frustration.

  16. So all people and scientists believe, and this does not prevent everyone from living and doing science.

    So far, there are no serious facts to doubt.

    If this is a global artificial illusion, then science has not yet matured to solve this super-problem.

  17. One doesn't interfere with the other. The idea of this world will always be a figment of your imagination. After each new experience, your imagination will make a correction in the perception of this world, but it will still be a new one, but still a figment of your imagination. But when you try to write a novel or draw a picture, you will quickly find that your own imagination is a little slow compared to reality. It is easy to appropriate other people's works (created by God), but it is not easy to create your own-RAM is very bad.

  18. How are you better than others?

    Your body, thoughts, and feelings are just as much a figment of your imagination.

    And who imagines, you ask? – God the creator or nature , whichever you prefer.

    Whether this world is imaginary or real doesn't really change anything. On the one hand, everything is relative, and on the other – everything is real.

  19. what difference does it make if all this really works? You live, develop, feel, think, rejoice, suffer. Participate in social life and development.

  20. Maybe we should just not think about it. Delusional thoughts visit everyone, but to revolve around them – such a thing. So it's not far from Cotard's syndrome…

  21. You can't be sure, you can't be sure of anything.

    More importantly, what will it change for you? By touch, we come to the main question – and then who is “I”? When you answer it, then the other questions will disappear.

  22. I've had similar mislias. Back in Soviet times, I was slightly uncomfortable in front of the other world for their capitalism, and my luck is to live in the USSR. And I felt a pang of sadness at the thought of what if we also had capitalism, and then what should I do, how should I live?… I didn't find a definite answer and apparently messed up the universe.

  23. Elementary, Victor. If you can fundamentally control the world with your will, then it is really a figment of your imagination, that is, an imagination that belongs to you. If not, then either you are a fictional character in someone else's imagination, or your imagination is controlled from the outside by a force greater than your will (for example, the power of reality).

  24. You can only be sure based on the fact that the world and people appear in your mind again and again. You remember them, and you see them again and again. As soon as they stop appearing in consciousness, there can be no certainty. For example, if Aunt Masha has stopped appearing in your mind, where is the certainty that she still exists?

    Only that which is unchangeable is real. Only the Truth is real. And the truth is that you exist. This is the only thing you can be sure of. Otherwise, I can't be sure.

    When this world ceases to appear in your consciousness (this moment is called death), it will disappear as unreal.

  25. Hold the needle and prick your finger,and then do the same with any other person.Explaining your guesses to him naturally.The general feeling will give you what you are looking for! Little and go through life with a needle.The theory of small things in great things!

  26. This is a form of growing up and the effect of the matrix, you will outgrow it, the main thing is not to get hung up, otherwise you will only make up your life. And so, the reality of each individual has its own, respectively, for another individual it is not real, because it has its own.

  27. First, ask yourself: are you a masochist and would like to have your jaw and a few bones broken? If not, then find a drunk evil company and get fucked up, you will get these very fractures. Since you didn't want to get these fractures yourself, it means that those who made them acted against your will. So they are not figments of your imagination. Also, try using your mind and imagination to heal your fractures instantly. Will it work? Here's Toto.

  28. If something explains everything, it doesn't explain anything. If everything around you is just a figment of your imagination, then this does not change anything. Because no matter how much you fantasize, without action, you will not affect anything.

  29. Hello, subjective idealist! You are too late, sir! You should have been born in the 17th or 18th century. Then Descartes would certainly have been not just close to you in spirit, but native. Yes, for those who are now sitting on the Internet without access to the real world, which is behind a closed door, such a “brain jamming”can occur. But we must not forget that the 21st century of our era is walking on the planet. And as soon as you hear the phone ring and someone's voice on the phone, you don't have to assume that you made it up yourself.

    I advise you, aspiring philosopher, to find a soul mate. Touching her, inhaling the exciting smell of her hair, you will fall in love with this material, independent and so beautiful world.

  30. “When the gods took people to their tribe, only their lifeless bodies remained…” – Olonkho

    Actually, judging by the ancient Yakut epic, it is still possible to” get out of the world”. And the attainment of “enlightenment”I would define as the attainment of the highest understanding of all things. So, “getting out of the world” is possible, but it is not possible to answer the question of whether this world really exists and whether those worlds really exist, but what difference does it make? What exactly is reality? If you truly believe that they are real, they will be real to you. It is impossible to prove the reality of something because reality does not exist…

  31. Easy enough. As soon as you can make fried grouse jump out of the monitor screen directly to your table with the power of your imagination, then immediately all doubts are gone – the whole world is nothing but the fruit of your consciousness. But as long as you don't succeed, the fact of failure will indicate the opposite – the world is objective, and your experience is subjective.

  32. Don't worry about it. Consider yourself living in an imaginarium!
    It's even more interesting and fun this way😉
    If you think about it, we all live in the world we imagine, because each person has his own perception of the world.

  33. Aren't physical forms of life created so that you can interact, at least at the level of the senses of the physical body?

    I can assure you that the whole world exists regardless of your presence in it, but you do not feel the whole world! Even visually , you can't see what's happening in different geographical locations at the same time (unless you're using security cameras).

    If your question was-do the world and people exist as I perceive them (imagine), you would get the same, but negative answer) The world and people are not just what you might imagine them to be.

  34. No way. And you can't even be sure that you exist. Stanislav Lem has a short story “Strange boxes of Professor Konkoran”.Here are a few quotes from it.

    Each of these boxes contains an electronic device endowed with consciousness. Like our brain.

    These boxes have receptors-organs that act similarly to our vision, smell, hearing, touch, and so on. But the wires that run from these receptors are not connected to the outside world, like our nerves, but to that drum in the corner.

    These boxes are connected to the artificial world.

    This one “- he pointed to the first box on the edge – ” looks like a seventeen-year-old girl, green-eyed, red-haired, with a body worthy of Venus.

    But then it is also possible that the owner of the dusty laboratory in which we are standing on the shelves is also the box itself, built by another, even higher-ranking scientist

    Like this. It is impossible to prove whether you really exist or are a box, and all that you feel and think about is just a drum recording. Because you can record anything on the drum.

  35. Ask to be pinched, and if it doesn't seem enough ,ask someone to clean up your face and let's hope for the restoration of an adequate attitude, and just in case, Forgive me if the advice doesn't help

  36. If an author or other solipsist who denies reality can get rid of this answer, in which I turn their arguments into shit and flush their thinking down the toilet, then I don't exist. And if solipsists can't do anything, then they will have to accept the fact that the real world is around them, which they don't really care about ))

    If solipsists, deniers of reality, can also spit on the world and not go to school, work, do not eat or drink, then they will prove their case by their death, and if they are FORCED to meet the requirements of OTHERS around them, then by this forced behavior they prove that the world is objective.

    So – if the solipsist eats, drinks and shits, then the world is objective and if the solipsist died, then the world has definitely disappeared )) Can you delete this answer with the power of your only mind in the world? Can't you? Can you imagine the world with joy, without problems, without failures, without us critics who poke you with a stick in sick mistakes and laugh at you? After all, your only consciousness does not need to interfere with itself at all, but it is a hindrance that interferes, remove it and that's all! Well maybe you can at least make sure that all the interesting adventures and events end in your favor and not in ours? Can't you?

    So we exist and you are still unknown ))


  37. You can be sure through understanding that if you behave in a wrong way with people, you can get the wrong reaction in response, but very unpleasant and tangible.

  38. Pinch yourself. Better yet, hit a stranger and you'll get a response. Very convincing. Imagination doesn't hurt that much. And they don't end up in a hospital bed. And there's no need for any idiotic philosophy.

  39. If you believe that reality does not exist and convince yourself of this, then it will not exist. And you. In general, there will be nothing but just awareness of the spherical in the vacuum of being, and maybe it will disappear. Perhaps for all the people around you, you will go crazy, or maybe they will also disappear, because we are just your dream, like the whole world. Maybe there will be an atomic war, for example, and everyone will die. Maybe you'll die from something. Maybe you'll go into meditation for a few years. What will happen to the physical world is unknown. But it is unlikely that you will be able to go back if you completely go there. Or maybe you can, if you want to. And then create the reality you want. Maybe your ego will simply dissolve and nothing will change for others, and you will behave the same way, just like a shell from you, but you yourself as a person will no longer be aware of anything. (I may be wrong about the terms, but the point is clear, I guess). Do you need it?) Or is it more interesting to do something in this world? But if you want , you can try to convince yourself that there is no reality. If you try, you can.

  40. I approach this problem from two angles:

    A) Suppose that the phenomena of my subjective reality have no correspondence with the external world.

    However, I constantly find that the content of my subjective reality is beyond my control: when I look at a flower,I cannot (well, I personally cannot) see the stone. To avoid seeing something, I have to close my eyes, I can't turn off my vision with my mind.

    Deservedly cited an example of pain.

    At the very least, I must conclude that the content of my subjective reality follows patterns that I cannot observe and that I cannot change.

    (at least I can't change it with my mind. Even if a neural interface is attached to me, which will cause, for example, an image of text against the background of the real world – this will strengthen my ability to change the content of my consciousness, but, again, within the limits defined by the device of the neural interface. To change these patterns you will have to make an unthinkable effort)

    In relation to my perception, the content of my consciousness exists objectively. I myself am the subject, the observer, even of what I am the cause of.

    Even if I am in a computer simulation or a brain connected to a “personal experience machine,” there is something else in my mind besides me. It is precisely the independence of the content of my consciousness that is revealed to me that proves to me that there is something outside of me.

    Precisely because the mechanism of my own personal experience is hidden from me!

    Let's say, however, that I have gone mad or achieved “enlightenment”: I can make myself hallucinate at will, I can turn the world into nothing in my mind.

    I can't seem to distinguish between the two situations:

    1. Nothing exists but my thoughts;

    2. Besides my imagination, there is something else that is independent.

    I'm free to do whatever I want with the world, and I can't figure out if I really rule the world or if I'm trapped in my dream!

    But what am I going to do? Oddly enough, my desires are given to me in the same way as the feeling of pain is given.

    Even if I want to have another wish or no wishes – …I have to want it!

    Conclusion: the source of my will is outside of my self. I am only an observer (as Libet's experiments prove, by the way)

    The following conclusions follow from this:

    1) From part (C) we get that, at least, besides me, there is an independent source of my own desires. It is something that I don't really know, and it represents the outside world to me, even if it is unknowable.

    2) For most of us, the content of consciousness is something given, beyond our control, the mechanism of the appearance of the content of our consciousness is not subject to us – that is, just like the source of our will, it relates to the external world.

  41. Unlike other people, I will not use everyday logic or philosophy to argue my position. Instead, I will use a dry, boring, formalized rationalism.

    Let the model be a set of predictions.�

    A prediction is a statement that means that if certain conditions are true, other conditions defined by the prediction will also be true.�

    A model is true if and only if all the predictions of this model are true.

    This axiomatics is simply a valid assumption in set theory, so it can be contradictory if and only if set theory itself is contradictory. But it may be incomplete, although in this proof, this flaw will not manifest itself.

    Let's move away from strict formalization to analogies, which would make it easier for the reader to understand. (All further analogies will be in italics if you understand without them, then you do not need to read analogies)

    Newton's theory of gravity is a model. With lots of predictions. One of them is that if Newton is sitting under a branch with an apple and if the branch with an apple does not support the weight, then an apple will fall on Newton.

    We have two models-conditional “reality”and ” illusion”. So how is one of them correct(true)? To answer this question, it is necessary to find a prediction from the set of the “reality” model that cannot be true if one of the elements of the “illusion” set �is true. There are obviously two options: either such a pair of predictions exists(option 1) or does not(option 2).�

    1. In the first case, we simply check the prediction from the set of the “reality” model for correctness. If it is true, then the “illusion” model is not true(you do not live in an illusion) and vice versa(your life is not real).�

    An analogy with the scientific method will be appropriate here. If the theory is wrong, then the theory is not correct.�

    You didn't give a mathematically correct meaning for the words Reality and Illusion, so I can't tell you the answer, because without knowing this, I can't determine with certainty at least one prediction of these models. If I understand you correctly, then one of the predictions in the “Illusion” model is that you will be able to materialize a cake with your mind. You can try and if I understand your definition of the word “illusion” correctly, then you will not succeed, the illusion will not be true.

    2. In the second case, you definitely can't determine which model is not true.�

    However, this is completely and practically unimportant. Since if in any practical situation their predictions converge, then there is no difference which of them to use for reasoning, the result will still be the same. �

    Again we will draw an analogy, but this time with Coulomb's law of electrostatics and the theory of”lustful ghosts”. If you are not familiar with Coulomb's law of electrostatics, then I advise you to Google and read about it.�

    And I'll explain the theory of lustful ghosts to you: The souls of some perverts were distributed among all matter in the universe. Among them there are both women and men, but exclusively heterosexual because homosexuals go to hell(so my father told me infa sotka). The souls of perverts of opposite sexes are attracted to each other because of animal attraction, and they do it unconsciously, and therefore their acceleration obeys a strict formula that depends on distance and looseness. More uninhibited souls attract others with great power, just as they did in life.

    So it is impossible to prove that only one of the two �theories is wrong. Since they have exactly the same predictions, that is, we will never know whether opposite charges attract or whether they are the souls of restless perverts, since the predictions of both models are exactly the same, at least they do not contradict each other. But even though we don't know the true nature of things, we just don't need to, because no matter what attracts things, we can still use any of these models for our reasoning equally effectively.

    It's the same with the “Illusion” and “Reality” models, and it doesn't matter which one is true if both don't contradict each other.

    Conclusion: Depends on the definition of Reality and Illusion. You just need to find something that can definitely happen only in an Illusion or only in Reality. If you have come to the conclusion that there are no such differences, then the answer will never be useful to you, so you can put a bolt on it.

    P.S Humanitarians please do not put dizs. I tried((((

  42. No way. To distinguish a mirror from a monitor screen, you need to turn your head and compare the image with the surrounding reality – and then you can understand whether this image is reflected or somehow generated. But in the case of consciousness, we cannot do this, because the picture of the world that is available in our consciousness is all that we have. And the presence of some “objective reality” “beyond consciousness” can neither be proved nor refuted.
    But, in principle, by and large, there is no difference whether the world “really” exists, or it “exists only in consciousness”. So, for example, the scheme “worked – got money-bought food – ate” always works, although it is not a firm proof of “realistic reality”. And the scheme “I strained my mind and found satiety”, as a rule, does not work, which, of course, also does not prove anything.
    You just need to live according to the” working ” schemes )

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