- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Quite scientific, if not to confuse the sciences in places.
Man is a biologosocial being. This means that different traits of an individual are always determined by both biological characteristics and the society in which they live. Neither side is more important, they are BOTH more important. And each of them has its own specifics, requiring its own scientific methodology for studying. Therefore, biological determinants are studied in the natural sciences, socio-cultural ones in the humanities, and psychology tries to bring them all together.
Obviously, from the point of view of natural sciences, the concept of “gender” does not mean anything, because it is not there, it is not needed there. It comes from the social sciences, and denotes social gender. I.e., a set of SOCIAL requirements, norms and expectations tied to a certain gender, a social role in fact.�
In the social sciences, it is absolutely necessary, because it is necessary to somehow study the situation when in different societies (whether at the same time or at different times), or even in different strata of the same society, the concepts of “man” and” woman ” radically diverge and have little in common. For example, we now have a construct in society, according to which the use of decorative cosmetics is a completely female sphere. At the same time, if we take (a conditional example, I'm not a historian) a male nobleman from France during the Musketeers and a simple Soviet woman of the 30s, and we use only this criterion, then the first one will be clearly a woman by our standards, and the second one will be a man. In their communities, this criterion does not work at all for determining gender roles, but some other criteria do. The same thing will happen if we take me and a male artist who knows how and likes to apply makeup to himself before shooting or going on stage. In other words, this criterion does not apply specifically to these individual people, but it does apply to many others.
And there are a great many small criteria that sometimes “fall” into the gender roles offered by society, but are completely unrelated to biological characteristics. Previously, society was strictly stratified and ordered, so all the characteristics of the gender role came in one package. Now society is disordered, the way of life is constantly changing, so many people grow up in situations where it is quite problematic to learn one gender role and live only through it, you have to mix it in one or another proportion. Specific names of “mixes” are, of course, some self – identifying creativity. But the very fact of the emergence of a wider range of options and this very creativity of queer construction is beyond doubt and should be studied.�
By the way, I consider myself an agender. This means that I do not really care who they think I am, and I perceive many markers of gender roles as a carnival costume, needed exclusively for communication and sometimes for creativity. (And if communication goes well without them and you don't want to be creative, then that's fine.) Or, on the other hand, as physiological moments that don't matter much, but you can't run away from them. Therefore, I don't have the need to talk about my gender identity to everyone I meet, and, in principle, I live quite calmly in this regard. At the same time, many people are completely different, their gender is important for them. And, although for me gender does not really bring anything to life, the very fact of defining an identity is very pleasant and convenient. Still, the feeling of some difference between me “generally girls” raised certain questions for myself.
Gender categories do not exist in the world in the literal, biological sense of this meaning, gender is a social role, a system of behavior prescribed to an individual based on his biological sex. At different times and in different cultures, gender patterns may vary slightly, and in some cultures, in addition to” male “and” female”, there is also a” third ” gender. Gender may not necessarily coincide with the biological gender assigned to it: we can also recall traditional societies in which, for one reason or another, some women take on the male role, or vice versa — and modern transgender people who suffer from the discrepancy between gender and gender identity (transgenderism, however, is a completely mysterious question).
Since gender is a social phenomenon, not a biological one, and since a person is superior to the rest of the living world in terms of social development by many orders of magnitude, the unauthorized creation of new gender categories-for the sake of creative expression, for the sake of protest, because of their non— inscrutability in existing ones-seems quite possible. You can, of course, problematize and question gender itself, as radical feminism does, but instead you can start playing with this gender-which is what queer theory calls for.