- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Evil is an error of behavior or thinking.
Good is the absence of evil / error.
These are universal definitions for all sciences and religions.
The cure for all mistakes (sins) is a sufficient level of knowledge and skills.
All experts in science and religion firmly say that religious sins are the clearest examples of Evil.
ENCYCLOPEDIA: Evil is an antagonism of good, generally denotes morally negative and reprehensible behavior in the actions and motives of people and in the phenomena of reality. It is used to characterize, understand, and evaluate harm, damage, and suffering…
This is not a thesis. This, I must admit, is a clever attempt… substitutions of concepts.
I would especially like to point out that if it had been declared on its own, it might have immediately revealed itself. And so, its author composed an anecdote about the alleged boy Einstein, who, through a pseudo-logical chain of reasoning, comes to this conclusion. Einstein's authority is needed to mask sophistry, not thesis.
Yes, and in no religion, this is not considered.
What for one is Evil, for another is Good, The world is in the balance of these forces, until we have a different way out. Religions have nothing to do with it, they have their own algorithm of internal construction of the individual and this does not prevent them from feuding with each other, because Good for one is Evil for the other. So we live.
Partially true. Good is the harmony of the world. Evil is the destruction of the harmony of the world. But in addition to the absence of good, evil also includes the source of destruction and the process of destruction. For example, a human disease. Evil includes not only the disorders caused by the disease, but also the causative agent of the disease and the disease process itself. Religions don't always understand this clearly. Except, perhaps, for Zoroastrianism.
Well, I will not say for all religions,
but from the point of view of Christianity, evil is not the absence of good.
The stool, for example, has no good deeds. Does this make the nature of the stool somehow evil and God-defying?? Not at all, because the stool itself is morally neutral, since it has neither the mind nor the ability to choose between good and evil.
Evil is not inaction, but a set of active actions, and not just actions, but destructive actions that are opposed to the good.
That's how you can describe evil in one sentence.
Evil is the absence of good, darkness is the absence of light, weakness is the absence of strength, death is the absence of life, etc. etc. In Hinduism, this is called the duality of the material world. In the spiritual world, everything is absolute, full of eternity, knowledge and bliss. But the soul that has left the spiritual world receives a material body and duality along with it. Being in a material body, the soul begins to perceive the world around us through the prism of duality, i.e. to assess how much light, good, etc. is there, we immerse ourselves in this assessment and live by it. Spiritual practices allow you to break out of duality, and understand that evil, darkness, weakness, death does not exist, it is only a material illusion that prevents you from seeing the truth, these are fictional concepts they are needed only to explain duality. An example of such people who have overcome duality is the saints, for example, Jesus Christ, who treated everyone equally with love and saw only good in everything.
Before defining evil as the absence of good, we need to understand what we mean by “good”. From the point of view of traditional Christianity, good is our subjective perception of God's manifestations in our earthly life. Manifestations can be different – at the level of internal movements of the soul, at the level of interpersonal relationships, at the level of social processes. True goodness is that which ultimately comes from God and brings us closer to God. And since God, according to the traditional Christian faith (Orthodox, Catholics, and many Protestants agree here), is the Almighty, that is, He is not God. If He constantly supports the existence of the world by His actions, then there is no area of life that is not permeated by the rays of God's love, which is closed from Him.
Therefore, the absence of good is always the result of a refusal to accept God's love, a refusal to follow His will. In other words, what in Christianity is called the word “sin”. This can also be called “evil”. In this sense, the phrase that evil is the absence of good is true.
But if we forget that good is understood here as following the will of God, if we understand “good” and “evil” in a completely worldly sense, then the phrase becomes meaningless. More precisely, it becomes a tautology. Sickness is lack of health, poverty is lack of wealth, ignorance is lack of knowledge – what is the use of such platitudes?
But if we put God in the center of the system of ethical coordinates, then the expression “evil is the absence of good” really takes on a meaningful meaning.
I will talk about Christianity, and as part of my answer, I will replace the concept of “evil” that you proposed with the word “sin”.�
A necessary preliminary note: Satan is not the creator. He can't think of anything new. The creator who can create something that has never existed before (and ex nihilo – out of nothing) is only the Lord God. Man is created in the image and likeness of God, therefore, he also has creative abilities. But Satan is not created in the image and likeness of God, he is only an angel, although very capable. Therefore, Satan did not create anything; in his actions, he only copies the Creator or distorts what the Creator has already created.�
Thus, sin is not just the absence of good, but ” good in reverse.” Every sin is nothing but a distortion of something good created and offered to us by the Creator. For example, overeating is a sin (yes, the Bible says so), but eating and being full is good, our bodies and food are created by the Creator. Etc. To communicate is good, the gift of speech is given to us by God, but when this gift is distorted, verbosity, gossip, headphones, etc. come out.