3 Answers

  1. Science that deals with different ways and systems of seeing the world. That is, it studies and classifies human paradigms of worldview in generalized terms (not particular ones).

  2. Actually, as in the original-the science of wisdom.�

    It is generally accepted that there are earthly, real sciences that push humanity forward. Bringing real benefits, not this stupid abstract reasoning, philosophizing. Here is physics, for example, or chemistry. Sometimes the geometry. And so it is. There is a breakthrough in physics-and in 10, 20, 30 years there is a revolution in the means of production, in the quality of people's lives.�

    But such a science as mathematics – it is abstract. But somehow it turns out that in order for a breakthrough in physics or chemistry to occur first, a hundred years before that, a breakthrough in mathematics must occur. And then physics, using a new mathematical apparatus, makes a breakthrough, a leap! When in the 9th century Abu Abdullah ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi wrote his mathematical treatise “Kitab al-jabr wa-l-Muqabala”, in which he classified equations of the first and second degrees, gave methods for solving them, when he dealt with the tables of angle sines, he did not even suspect that he was creating two whole new directions in mathematics – algebra and trigonometry, and these sciences would soon become stronger and enable physicists, astronomers, geographers to conduct completely new calculations, shipbuilders – to build new ones ships, learn new technologies. Abstract mathematical equations of Al-Khwarizmi and his followers turned out to be the basis for the future breakthrough of physics, chemistry, astronomy, geography, shipbuilding and much more.�

    And where does the breakthrough in mathematics come from? Why do people suddenly start inventing something that they weren't interested in before, start being interested in it, thinking about something, reasoning about it? What awakens this interest, what indicates the direction of future development for the abstract sciences-the same mathematics? So we have come to philosophy. Philosophy creates a methodology, a concept of thinking, sets tasks, asks questions, and indicates the direction of development. And only then, based on this, mathematics begins to develop, then physics, chemistry…

  3. Cognition of the world with very general concepts about the world and being, with endless questions without a definite answer. This is roughly how I see philosophy.

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