5 Answers

  1. Since the end of the 17th century, science has been dominated by Newtonian physics-classical mechanics based on the absoluteness of space and time and the law of universal gravitation within the stationary universe. For almost 200 years, this was considered the unshakable foundation of physics, until the Theory of relativity, Einstein's Theory of Gravity and Quantum Mechanics appeared at the beginning of the 20th century. The era of absoluteness and determinism has ended and a new era of quantum physics, relativity, and the geometry of 4-dimensional space-time with curvature and an expanding universe has begun. Newtonian physics has become a convenient approximation for simple calculations.

  2. Can you give an example of a scientific consensus that was later found to be wrong?

    The rotation of the Sun around the Earth was never a church superstition, it was a SCIENTIFIC fact, and how could it be otherwise, when this fact is completely obvious…

    Science in general is shamefacedly silent about the fact that its path is the path of delusions, mistakes and stupidities.

  3. For about 30 years, humans were thought to have 48 chromosomes.

    The first person who counted them announced that there were 24 pairs, and for 30 years no one bothered to check whether this was true. Moreover, even when observations revealed 23 pairs, rather than 24, such observations were declared erroneous, for the sake of a well-established misconception.

  4. Consensus is the case, depending on what is considered consensus. For example, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, drugs such as heroin and cocaine were sold in pharmacies as a remedy for headaches or toothaches, etc., and in Germany the ban on them was fully realized only by 1970!!! For a long time, it was believed that smoking is good for health, relaxing. Everyone smoked en masse – from children to the elderly. The harm of smoking is already somewhere in the 1960s and 1970s, and the proof of this has progressed very slowly. Cholesterol-rich foods like butter or margarine were also thought to be beneficial.

    The story of thalidomide is generally fear and horror. The drug, which was positioned as harmless for the treatment of headaches and as a sedative, was prescribed all the time to pregnant women, until it turned out that it causes congenital deformities in children. As a result, according to unofficial data, about 50 thousand children were born with disabilities, and this is only in Germany. Of course, there were fewer proven cases in court-about 3 thousand.�

    About 50 years ago, there were a number of articles paid for by industrial magnates in scientific journals that CO2 emissions are not related to global warming, and there is no warming at all. Now to say such a thing is the end of a scientific career on the same day.

    In the 20th century, racial theories flourished violently, which were tried to explain through rapidly developing genetics. They have partially survived to this day.

  5. Until now, the house has preserved the Soviet “World History”, where Neanderthals are declared” direct ancestors and predecessors ” of modern man, and supporters of other views are branded as sworn enemies of materialism and advanced science. Now, as far as I know, the consensus has changed, and Neanderthals are no longer considered the ancestors of Cro-Magnons.

    Another funny example is given in his lecture by Savvateev, when one of the consensuses in the field of mathematics was refuted by a simple American housewife:�

    https://youtu.be/cqNqZ2fZlvA?t=663

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