5 Answers

  1. I would not recommend looking for scientific and theological commentaries on the Bible. Now all religions misunderstand the Bible, as well as the Koran and Torah by the way. It is necessary to interpret the Bible figuratively, to look for an allegory within its words. The ancient holy fathers loved to interpret the Bible, because they knew that it was necessary to do so, but they did not get to the bottom of it. Modern churches do not try to do this at all and are deluded. And scientists are so far from understanding the Bible that there is simply nowhere else to go. Each person should interpret the Bible for himself, look for allegories in it. I would recommend starting with the Gospels of Mark and John, as well as the book of Ezekiel. They are the simplest for beginners, similar to the ABC of its kind. For example, Ezekiel says: what is more important, the cauldron in which the meat is cooked or is it the meat itself? Or he says that it is necessary to systematically clean the scale from the boiler. What is the allegory? Always “on top” in our life is what is from Satan, that is, bosses, power, the rich. This is the scale that must be considered constantly. In other words, you need to remove this foreskin. Well, or shake off the dust from your feet, which like a pyt in the summer quickly flies on clean shoes. This is unavoidable, dirt is always on top and it must be cleaned off. And there are many such allegories throughout the Bible. If you are interested, you can find my articles under the hashtag #allegory. But you'd better understand the Bible yourself.

  2. Your question is not quite logical and philological at the same time. If you are looking for professional literature, then you need theological analysis, which is quite scientific, and is built, like any work with the text, on the principle of hermeneutics.

    And what you are looking for will be about the same value as if you found a plumber's comments on Wittgenstein's works.

  3. I will recommend two books that are completely different in purpose and meaning. I will make a reservation that in this case I extend scientific knowledge to rationality, that is, in them the argument does not end with “here you just need to turn off your mind”.

    The first and most important from the point of view of understanding the essence – not the form-of religion. Maurice Nicoll's book “The New Man”. In it, the author, based on the symbolic interpretation of mythology, explains the language used by mythology, the implicit logic inherent in each mythological text. Here the research is conducted from the perspective of a sincere seeker who knows how to read myths and, by sharing his tools, shows how the Bible can be read differently from a historical text about past events, namely for the purpose of internal growth.

    Also, thanks to this book, you can see what ideas for political purposes are convenient to literally interpret modern “carriers of religion” and why they lead to a superficial – historical(not mythological) understanding, or rather to misunderstanding.

    The second book is more ethnographic. This is Rene Girard's book “The Scapegoat”, where the author takes this tradition of the Jewish people, showing the entire New Testament plot in its key. In other words, Christ is the one who was expelled from the material world as a scapegoat.

    Both books can show how it is possible to work with the biblical text, if you do not follow the letter of orthodox religions, whose advice is the same:”We have already figured out for ourselves what the Bible means and your task is to listen to our version. Only our interpretation is authentic.”

    But this approach makes it unnecessary for a person to ask questions and look for answers to them themselves, and therefore accept someone else's version of events.

  4. Personally, I would recommend not to get involved in this topic. I have friends who have worked very closely and deeply (with translations and interpretations of translations, etc.) on this topic. Not even on the shelf is two volumes of an unpublished (the author died before he had time) book about the interpretation of the Bible with quotes in the devil knows what languages. They didn't learn anything significant from it. Moreover, I assure you that if you connect the faith and authority of the text to any other text, you can suck it out just like from a Great Book (you can feel the authority of the text) anything. The whole point is that any text is a set of “semantic equations”, to which you can choose many suitable values. Thus, the interpretation of text structures of a sufficiently large text can cover the entire reality in general. You can also recall the infinite dissertations with the general theme “the author wanted to say”, these dissertations are really infinite in their number, and the source of this infinity is a much less authoritative substrate, and even it allows this empty infinity to give birth.

    Therefore, the answer is better than none 🙂

  5. “Asimov's Guide to the Bible” by Isaac Asimov, for example. Although he was not a believer, he considered the Bible to be the main book of mankind, from a literary and historical point of view. There are about 1,300 pages of detailed descriptions of the historical and social background of the times described in the Bible. After him, similar “reference books” were published, expanded and supplemented, but Asimovsky is still one of the most popular.

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