2 Answers

  1. Doctor of Philosophy or PhD is the highest academic degree awarded by the university to a scientist in special academic programs in physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, etc. This degree is usually required for work in the field of science and for university positions as a professor, researcher, or scientist. �

    What is the relationship between philosophy and physics? All science began with philosophy. Let's remember the giants: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. It is a great honor for any scientist to be part of the followers of such giants of science. With the development of philosophy, various branches emerged, such as the philosophy of nature (natural philosophy) and the theory of knowledge, which later (in the XVIII century) spun off from philosophy into the natural sciences — physics, chemistry, astronomy, biology. Here, based on an ancient tradition, the name “philosophy” was left in the name of the highest academic degree. If necessary, specify the specialty (PhD in physics) after the name. Literal translation into Russian — Doctor of Science in Physics.�

    Why in the Soviet Union (and further in Russia) they decided to replace “philosophy” with “science” in the name of the highest academic degree and, instead of one higher academic degree, they introduced two academic degrees (Candidate of Science and Doctor of Science) and two more academic titles (Senior Researcher and Professor), this is already from another and sad fairy tale.

  2. Thanks to the” doctors of philosophy”, Wikipedia was created:

    “First appeared in the XII—XIII centuries in Great Britain, Italy and France.

    Despite the name, the degree currently has no practical relation to philosophy (only historical) and is awarded in almost all scientific fields, for example: doctor of Philosophy in literature or doctor of philosophy in physics.

    This situation is related to traditions dating back to medieval universities, whose standard structure usually assumed the presence of faculties of philosophy, law, theology and medicine. Therefore, in addition to the degree of Doctor of philosophy, there are a limited number of other doctoral degrees of the same rank; doctors are awarded the degree of doctor of medicine, lawyers-doctor of law, theologians-doctor of divinity, and everyone else-doctor of philosophy.”



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