3 Answers

  1. This is a very long conversation. It's better to think for yourself.

    Feminism is a socio-political movement that aims to give women full civil rights, “like men”.

    It originated in the 19th century. It has been especially active since the end of 1960.

    The purpose and meaning of feminism has been changed several times (I still don't understand how this can be relevant).

    For the very first time, the virgins took to the streets to fight against the oppression of women… but after a couple of decades, they realized that they were oppressing not only them, but also men.�

    The right to vote was granted to propertied women in Russia – in 1917.�

    Now there are even more trends in the feminist movement. Each of them focuses on specific aspects of discrimination against women.

    There are only three waves of feminists: one wave before 1960, the other after. The third wave differs well from them, so it is separate.�

    Do you know why feminists decided to fight for their rights? Because of some crazy writer's stories.�

    Now the heads of state are women, they are all recognized, they can participate in everything that is possible… question?�

    “Who are you?” “Feminists! — What are you trying to achieve? “Equality! – Sand pit — two people!

  2. I would like to add to the post Your Father that people with very different motivations and goals refer to themselves as feminists. According to my observations, they are divided into those who fight for the sake of fighting, to increase their self-esteem, those who want to be like a man in everything, regardless of the difference in psychological and physiological capabilities, and those who want to solve the problem. If everything is clear with the first ones, then I'll try to explain the rest with an example.
    Imagine that there are masters and there are slaves. Slaves see the injustice and protest against this state of affairs. Some slaves want to have the same rights as their masters, i.e. become masters with their slaves, while others want to end slavery as such.
    In real life, the desire to be like men translates into a demand for employers to accept women to work on an equal basis with men, regardless of the possibility of their going on maternity leave. Others try to solve the problem based on the fact that both sides are satisfied, so that the employer can take women to work without risking its budget.

  3. To give an answer in a nutshell, what is feminism would be a strong exaggeration. Depending on the context, it is called an activist wing of gender theory, a worldview concept, or a specific political movement. Definitions vary, as feminism deals with the deepest and oldest tradition of discrimination – on the basis of gender. In this regard, the theoretical and methodological tools for understanding the causes of this injustice are very diverse: from psychoanalysis to ethnomethodology, from critical theory to post-structuralism. Accordingly, there are several trends in feminism, and some even contradict each other in some ways: socialist feminism, liberal feminism, radical feminism, queer feminism, etc. The contribution of the feminist movement to the humanities is huge, it is difficult to overestimate it, especially in the works of philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists, cultural scientists, etc.of the 20th century. In Russia, many universities have a tradition of sanctimonious attitude to gender studies and pro-feminist theoretical works: the women's question is not voiced in Parsons ' works; Marcuse's” One-Dimensional Man “is a must-read, but his equally important article” Marxism and Feminism “is not mentioned; Foucault could not have written his famous” History of Sexuality ” if he had not held in his hands the works of Juliet Mitchell, and the continuation of his ideas is the philosopher and feminist Judith Butler, but they will not tell you about them at the lecture. In the Russian academic community, research on gender roles is only encouraged, despite the fact that this concept was outdated in the 70s.

    As for activism, there are issues that are considered differently in different areas, but are equally important for feminists in general: domestic violence, sexual objectification, reproductive rights, labor discrimination, the glass ceiling, sexual violence, sexuality, gender identity, women's history, prostitution and pornography.

    All these issues are dealt with by feminists both in Russia and in the West, but there is a key difference – in the West, the problems voiced by the feminist movement are included in the agenda of all political parties of a liberal orientation, which helps them to promote legislation, finance various charitable foundations and popularize the values of feminism through mass culture (the quality of such cooperation is In Russia, however, with its reactionary approach to traditional values, the feminist movement is being pushed off the agenda and branded as a Western contagion, as the Bolsheviks once called bourgeois contagion. Feminism in Russia is the same as everywhere else in the West, but in a somewhat unfavorable position.

    I hope I was able to give you a satisfactory answer to such an abstract question.

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