2 Answers

  1. The distinction between “soul” and ” spirit “(Greek psyche and pneuma, Latin anima and spiritus) comes from late antiquity, mainly from early Christianity and Neoplatonism. The main difference is that the soul is included in the” set ” of human nature throughout life (a person receives a soul when he is born, and dies when the soul separates from the body), and the spirit, spirits are something initially external.�

    The soul of a person, like his body, is always the same, while the soul, like the body, changes, develops, gets sick and recovers. Spirits, on the contrary, are unchangeable in nature, but a person can deal with many different spirits, connect with some and resist others.A person gains or loses a certain spirit, is guided by the spirit, and various spirits can enter and leave the person.

    Accordingly, ” soul life “in the literature of the nineteenth century refers to how we feel, suffer, and experience, and” spiritual life ” refers to how we adopt or reject various ideas and rules (religious or secular) and rearrange our lives in accordance with them.

    In modern science and modern common sense, this distinction is still significant, only expressed in other words. If we say that some models of perception, thinking, and behavior are determined by the structure and state of the human body, while others are received by a person ready from the outside world, and some are associated with “instincts” and “experience”, and others with “culture”, “social environment” (“bad” or “good”), we will get about the same idea, but in a more familiar form.�

    To imagine that cultural models are also some kind of living beings who, like “spirits in antiquity,” want to capture us, to force us to act in their own interests-at first glance it seems something eccentric, unscientific fiction, but, for example, the concept of “meme” by Richard Dawkins and Susan Blackmore suggests just such a scheme.�

    For us, the pupils of the New Age, the distinction “psyche-culture” seems clearer than “soul – spirit”. You can imagine that one day the picture of the world will radically change again and our descendants will also ask what kind of strange entities we had in mind.

  2. If you follow the definitions given in the explanatory dictionary ,then “soulful”and” spiritual “can be synonymous in the sense of” connected with the inner world of a person”. The difference here is only in lexical compatibility (so, we say “spiritual world”, but “state of mind”), in some cases these terms are almost identical (spiritual beauty – spiritual beauty). The word “spiritual” also has a second meaning: “related to religion, to the church” (spiritual person); “spiritual” can be used in the sense of “kind, cordial” (sincere conversation, sincere person).

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