4 Answers

  1. A statement / thought can be called true if it / it corresponds to reality. It is something that exists objectively.
    �The truth is determined by the impossibility of refuting it.

  2. As an answer to this question, I would like to quote the words of such a philosopher, thinker and writer as Fyodor Dostoevsky: “My Hosanna has passed through the furnace of doubt.”

    Truth then becomes truth when it passes through rejection, through doubt, and through too blind confidence in its rightness; and now, after passing through all these ordeals, the truth deserves to be considered as such.

  3. The truth doesn't really exist. In general, in principle. Each person has their own view on a particular problem. And you,I, or someone else may disagree with him,you can make arguments in defense of your idea,but in fact you will be just as wrong as he is. After all, what is an opinion? These are images,a set of symbols and meanings formed by your upbringing(the one from your parents) and the perception of the world around you(reading books,watching movies,programs, and so on). Everything together forms your worldview,your opinion is true only for you as a person, and more so, fortunately or not, for no one else. I mean a complete opinion, and not individual arguments or facts with which I, for example, can agree.

  4. In epistemology, there are several concepts of truth that define it in different ways.

    The first, the correspondence theory, asserts that truth is the correspondence of thought to reality. However, this concept does not specify compliance criteria.

    The coherent theory of truth refers to the consistency and consistency of knowledge as truth. The new theory should not contradict other well-established and proven theories.

    The pragmatic theory of truth was formulated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by Peirce and James. According to it, what is useful is true. In this way, they also justify their belief in God.

    The consensus theory, authored by Jurgen Habermas, asserts that the truth is the judgment that the scientific community agrees with, as a result of reasoned discussion. Truth is intersubjective and cannot be final. The free nature of the discussion is also important: without coercion or intimidation.

    If we formulate the truth criteria in the most generalized version, we can note the following criteria::

    • reference to tradition and authority

    • logical consistency

    • general validity (majority recognition)

    • practical value

    • internal scientific criteria (simplicity and beauty of theory, possibility of prediction)

    However, there is no absolute criterion of truth. It is relative.

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